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Ex-post investigation of cost pass-through in the EU ETS - an analysis for six industry sectors

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  • Cludius, Johanna
  • de Bruyn, Sander
  • Schumacher, Katja
  • Vergeer, Robert

Abstract

In the discussion on the potential risk of carbon leakage related to the EU ETS and the effect of safeguard measures, the scope for passing through carbon costs into final product prices is considered a key issue. This study investigates whether and to what extent ETS-related carbon costs have been passed through into product prices by EU industry. Literature on the issue of carbon cost pass-through in industry, other than electric power generation, is relatively sparse and we therefore aim to add to the knowledge gathered in this area so far. We investigate a number of products in six industry sectors in several European countries and regions and provide estimates for carbon cost pass-through for more than 50 product/country pairs. In line with the literature, our econometric results imply significant cost pass-through for a number of products, with results being most conclusive for the cement, iron and steel, and refineries sectors. The extent of the estimated pass-through rates diverges between products and countries/regions. These findings are aimed at informing discussions about carbon leakage protection for industries covered by the EU ETS.

Suggested Citation

  • Cludius, Johanna & de Bruyn, Sander & Schumacher, Katja & Vergeer, Robert, 2020. "Ex-post investigation of cost pass-through in the EU ETS - an analysis for six industry sectors," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eneeco:v:91:y:2020:i:c:s0140988320302231
    DOI: 10.1016/j.eneco.2020.104883
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    5. Grundmann, Justus & Silberbach, Anna & Auria, Laura, 2023. "Including carbon taxation risk in Deutsche Bundesbank's in-house credit assessment system (ICAS): An empirical analysis," Technical Papers 02/2023, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    6. Piotr Gretszel & Henryk Gurgul & £ukasz Lach & Stefan Schleicher, 2020. "Testing for the economic and environmental impacts of EU Emissions Trading System: A panel GMM approach," Managerial Economics, AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Management, vol. 21(2), pages 99-125.
    7. Dominik Bernhofer, 2021. "Die Verteilungseffekte einer CO2-Bepreisung im Haushaltssektor: Ein Überblick über die aktuelle empirische Literatur," Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft - WuG, Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien, Abteilung Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Statistik, vol. 47(2), pages 225-239.
    8. Ferrara, Antonella Rita & Giua, Ludovica, 2022. "Indirect cost compensation under the EU ETS: A firm-level analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 165(C).
    9. Giacomo Di Foggia & Massimo Beccarello, 2023. "Opportunity Cost of Carbon Pricing and White Certificate Programs: A Business Case," Journal of Sustainable Development, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 15(5), pages 150-150, May.
    10. Huang, Wenyang & Wang, Huiwen & Wei, Yigang, 2023. "Identifying the determinants of European carbon allowances prices: A novel robust partial least squares method for open-high-low-close data," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 90(C).
    11. André Wolf, 2022. "Auswirkungen eines CO2-Grenzausgleichs auf nachgelagerte Industrien [Effects of a CO2 Border Adjustment on Downstream Industries]," Wirtschaftsdienst, Springer;ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 102(9), pages 731-734, September.
    12. D'Arcangelo, Maria Filippo & Galeotti, Marzio, 2022. "Environmental Policy and Investment Location: The Risk of Carbon Leakage in the EU ETS," FEEM Working Papers 327158, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM).
    13. Weitzel, Matthias & Vandyck, Toon & Rey Los Santos, Luis & Tamba, Marie & Temursho, Umed & Wojtowicz, Krzysztof, 2023. "A comprehensive socio-economic assessment of EU climate policy pathways," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 204(PA).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    EU ETS; Cost pass-through; Competitiveness;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D4 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design
    • L5 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy

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