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The Balassa-Samuelson effect in Romania - The role of regulated prices

  • Dumitru, Ionut
  • Jianu, Ionela

Due to the Balassa-Samuelson effect, the candidate countries to the European Monetary Union face a possible conflict between the effects of tradable productivity increase on inflation and on the appreciation of the real exchange rate on one hand, and the Maastricht criteria regarding inflation and exchange rate stability on the other hand. A restrictive monetary policy could succeed in reaching inflation criteria, but only with the cost of slowing down real convergence. This paper deals with the Balassa-Samuelson effect in Romania. The main conclusion of the paper is that in the period 1998-2006 the average annual rate of inflation generated by the Balassa-Samuelson effect in Romania was on average 0.6% in the case of the classical model. Due to the existence of government-regulated prices (mostly non-tradable goods) accounting for as much as 21% of the CPI basket in Romania - the price of non-tradables has increased by less than in the case those prices were market prices. If we include these regulated prices in non-tradable, which is named by us extended model, the impact of Balassa-Samuelson on inflation could have been on average 2.46%. Therefore, the Balassa-Samuelson effect is expected to result into higher inflation with future price liberalization for non-tradables.

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File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VCT-4RGFD0J-4/2/9b059e010946a5518ef385e21a1a4ed6
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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal European Journal of Operational Research.

Volume (Year): 194 (2009)
Issue (Month): 3 (May)
Pages: 873-887

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Handle: RePEc:eee:ejores:v:194:y:2009:i:3:p:873-887
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/eor

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  1. Bela Balassa, 1964. "The Purchasing-Power Parity Doctrine: A Reappraisal," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 72, pages 584.
  2. Balázs Égert & Imed Drine & Kirsten Lommatzsch & Christophe Rault, 2002. "The Balassa-Samuelson effect in Central and Eastern Europe: Myth or reality?," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 483, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  3. Taylor Mark P. & Sarno Lucio, 2001. "Real Exchange Rate Dynamics in Transition Economies: A Nonlinear Analysis," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 5(3), pages 1-26, October.
  4. Jose De Gregorio & Thomas Krueger & Alberto Giovannini, 1993. "The Behavior of Nontradable Goods Prices in Europe; Evidence and Interpretation," IMF Working Papers 93/45, International Monetary Fund.
  5. Coricelli, Fabrizio & Jazbec, Bostjan, 2004. "Real exchange rate dynamics in transition economies," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 83-100, March.
  6. Josip Tica & Ivo Družić, 2006. "The Harrod-Balassa-Samuelson Effect: A Survey of Empirical Evidence," EFZG Working Papers Series 0607, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Zagreb.
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