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Geography, human capital and urbanization: A regional analysis

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  • Flückiger, Matthias
  • Ludwig, Markus

Abstract

Using subnationally representative data for 679 regions from 64 low- and middle-income countries, we document that geography, especially trade-related features, explains a substantial share of within-country variation in the level of human capital. We further show that a large part of the explanatory power can be attributed to the close interrelation between urbanization and concentration of human capital. These results bring together studies that identify human capital as an important determinant of regional development and the literature on economic geography that emphasizes geography’s role in shaping the spatial distribution of urbanization and economic activity.

Suggested Citation

  • Flückiger, Matthias & Ludwig, Markus, 2018. "Geography, human capital and urbanization: A regional analysis," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 168(C), pages 10-14.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolet:v:168:y:2018:i:c:p:10-14
    DOI: 10.1016/j.econlet.2018.03.027
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    Cited by:

    1. Roseline Tapuwa Karambakuwa & Ronney Ncwadi & Andrew Phiri, 2020. "The human capital–economic growth nexus in SSA countries: what can strengthen the relationship?," International Journal of Social Economics, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 47(9), pages 1143-1159, July.
    2. Ng, Choy Peng & Law, Teik Hua & Jakarni, Fauzan Mohd & Kulanthayan, S., 2018. "Relative improvements in road mobility as compared to improvements in road accessibility and urban growth: A panel data analysis," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 117(C), pages 292-301.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Geography; Human capital; Urbanization;

    JEL classification:

    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity

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