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Financial openness, market structure and private credit: An empirical investigation


  • Fischer, Ronald
  • Valenzuela, Patricio


Consistent with recent theoretical models, this paper finds that financial openness has a positive effect on private credit in economies characterized by a competitive banking sector, but that this effect vanishes and even becomes negative in economies with imperfect banking competition.

Suggested Citation

  • Fischer, Ronald & Valenzuela, Patricio, 2013. "Financial openness, market structure and private credit: An empirical investigation," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 121(3), pages 478-481.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolet:v:121:y:2013:i:3:p:478-481 DOI: 10.1016/j.econlet.2013.10.009

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Chinn, Menzie D. & Ito, Hiro, 2006. "What matters for financial development? Capital controls, institutions, and interactions," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 81(1), pages 163-192, October.
    2. Sofia Bauducco & Alexandre Janiak, 2012. "Minimum wages strike back: the effects on capital and labor demands in a large-firm framework," Documentos de Trabajo 287, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
    3. Eduardo Engel & Ronald Fischer & Alexander Galetovic & Manuel Hermosilla, 2009. "Renegociación de concesiones en Chile," Documentos de Trabajo 262, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
    4. Balmaceda, Felipe & Fischer, Ronald D. & Ramirez, Felipe, 2014. "Financial liberalization, market structure and credit penetration," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 47-75.
    5. Matteo Triossi & Patricio Valdivieso & Benjamín Villena-Roldán, 2013. "A Spatial Model of Voting with Endogenous Proposals: Theory and Evidence from Chilean Senate," Documentos de Trabajo 294, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
    6. Eichengreen, Barry & Gullapalli, Rachita & Panizza, Ugo, 2011. "Capital account liberalization, financial development and industry growth: A synthetic view," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 1090-1106, October.
    7. Enrica Detragiache & Thierry Tressel & Poonam Gupta, 2008. "Foreign Banks in Poor Countries: Theory and Evidence," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 63(5), pages 2123-2160, October.
    8. Prati, Alessandro & Schindler, Martin & Valenzuela, Patricio, 2012. "Who benefits from capital account liberalization? Evidence from firm-level credit ratings data," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 1649-1673.
    9. Atif Mian, 2006. "Distance Constraints: The Limits of Foreign Lending in Poor Economies," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 61(3), pages 1465-1505, June.
    10. Gormley, Todd A., 2010. "The impact of foreign bank entry in emerging markets: Evidence from India," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 26-51, January.
    11. Rodolfo Martell & René M. Stulz, 2003. "Equity-Market Liberalizations as Country IPO's," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(2), pages 97-101, May.
    12. Mariassunta Giannetti & Steven Ongena, 2009. "Financial Integration and Firm Performance: Evidence from Foreign Bank Entry in Emerging Markets," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 13(2), pages 181-223.
    13. Felipe Balmaceda & Ronald Fischer, 2010. "Economic performance, creditor protection, and labour inflexibility," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 62(3), pages 553-577, July.
    14. World Bank, 2013. "World Development Indicators 2013," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 13191.
    15. Beck , Thorsten & Demirguc-Kunt, Asli & Levine, Ross, 2009. "Financial institutions and markets across countries and over time - data and analysis," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4943, The World Bank.
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    Cited by:

    1. Eugenia Andreasen & Martin Schindler & Patricio Valenzuela, 2015. "Capital Controls and the Cost of Debt," Documentos de Trabajo 307, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
    2. Andreasen, Eugenia & Valenzuela, Patricio, 2016. "Financial openness, domestic financial development and credit ratings," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 16(C), pages 11-18.

    More about this item


    Competition; Financial openness; Financial development;

    JEL classification:

    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G38 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Government Policy and Regulation


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