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Equity-Market Liberalizations as Country IPO's

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  • Rodolfo Martell
  • René M. Stulz

Abstract

Equity market liberalizations are like IPOs, but they are IPOs of a country's stock market rather than of individual firms. Both are endogenous events whose benefits are limited by poor investor protection, agency costs, and information asymmetries. As for stock prices following an IPO, there are legitimate concerns about the efficiency in the period following the liberalization of the stock market returns of countries that liberalize their equity markets. Equity markets of liberalizing countries experience extremely strong performance immediately after the liberalization, but then go through a period of poor performance. This pattern of stock returns is more dramatic for countries with poorer financial development before the liberalization.
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Suggested Citation

  • Rodolfo Martell & René M. Stulz, 2003. "Equity-Market Liberalizations as Country IPO's," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(2), pages 97-101, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:aea:aecrev:v:93:y:2003:i:2:p:97-101
    Note: DOI: 10.1257/000282803321946877
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Peter Blair Henry, 2007. "Capital Account Liberalization: Theory, Evidence, and Speculation," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 45(4), pages 887-935, December.
    2. M Ayhan Kose & Eswar Prasad & Kenneth Rogoff & Shang-Jin Wei, 2009. "Financial Globalization: A Reappraisal," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 56(1), pages 8-62, April.
    3. Fischer, Ronald & Valenzuela, Patricio, 2013. "Financial openness, market structure and private credit: An empirical investigation," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 121(3), pages 478-481.
    4. Chari, Anusha & Blair Henry, Peter, 2008. "Firm-specific information and the efficiency of investment," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(3), pages 636-655, March.
    5. de Jong, Frank & de Roon, Frans A., 2005. "Time-varying market integration and expected returns in emerging markets," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 78(3), pages 583-613, December.
    6. Peter Blair Henry & Peter Lombard Lorentzen, 2003. "Domestic Capital Market Reform and Access to Global Finance: Making Markets Work," NBER Working Papers 10064, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Masahiro Kawai & Shinji Takagi, 2010. "A Survey of the Literature on Managing Capital Inflows," Chapters,in: Managing Capital Flows, chapter 2 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    8. Nicola Fuchs-Schündeln & Norbert Funke, 2004. "Stock market liberalizations: Financial and macroeconomic implications," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 140(3), pages 730-761, September.
    9. Kaya, Ilker & Lyubimov, Konstantin & Miletkov, Mihail, 2012. "To liberalize or not to liberalize: Political and economic determinants of financial liberalization," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 13(1), pages 78-99.
    10. Enrique G. Mendoza & Katherine A. Smith, 2014. "Financial Globalization, Financial Crises, and the External Portfolio Structure of Emerging Markets," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 116(1), pages 20-57, January.
    11. Guillermo Yañez & Carlos Maquieira, 2009. "Rendimiento de Ofertas Públicas Iniciales de Acciones en Chile: Evidencia Empírica entre 1994 y 2007," Serie de Documentos de Trabajo 02, Superintendencia de Valores y Seguros.
    12. Katherine A. Smith & Enrique G. Mendoza, 2011. "Financial Globalization, Financial Crisis, and the External Capital Structure of Emerging Markets," 2011 Meeting Papers 235, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    13. Huang, I-Hsiang, 2014. "Does market timing persistently affect capital structure? Evidence from stock market liberalization," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 123-144.
    14. Henry, Peter B., 2003. "Commentary on Bekaert, Harvey, and Lundblad's "Equity Market Liberalization in Emerging Equity Markets"," Research Papers 1783, Stanford University, Graduate School of Business.
    15. Anusha Chari & Peter Blair Henry, 2004. "Is the Invisible Hand Discerning or Indiscriminate? Investment and Stock Prices in the Aftermath of Capital Account Liberalizations," NBER Working Papers 10318, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    16. René M. Stulz, 2007. "The Limits of Financial Globalization," Journal of Applied Corporate Finance, Morgan Stanley, vol. 19(1), pages 8-15.
    17. Chinn, Menzie D. & Ito, Hiro, 2006. "What matters for financial development? Capital controls, institutions, and interactions," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 81(1), pages 163-192, October.
    18. Peter Henry, 2007. "Capital Account Liberalization: Theory, Evidence, and Speculation," Discussion Papers 07-004, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research.
    19. Andrade, Sandro C., 2009. "A model of asset pricing under country risk," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 671-695, June.
    20. Rui P. Esteves, 2011. "The Political Economy of Global Financial Liberalisation in Historical Perspective," Oxford University Economic and Social History Series _089, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
    21. repec:wsi:jdexxx:v:10:y:2005:i:03:n:s1084946705000203 is not listed on IDEAS
    22. Manova, Kalina, 2008. "Credit constraints, equity market liberalizations and international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(1), pages 33-47, September.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading

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