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Competitiveness and R&D competition revisited

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  • Matsumura, Toshihiro
  • Matsushima, Noriaki
  • Cato, Susumu

Abstract

This paper formulates a duopoly model of firms concerned with relative profits as well as their own profits and investigates the relationship between the degree of competitiveness in a market and R&D expenditure. We find a non-monotone relationship between the two variables. When the duopoly market is not particularly competitive and when it is highly competitive, R&D activities are intensified. Thus, we are able to obtain similar results to both the pro-competitive and the Schumpeterian views in a single framework. We also discuss the welfare implications of changing competitiveness and consider cases of oligopoly and R&D cooperation as extensions to our basic model.

Suggested Citation

  • Matsumura, Toshihiro & Matsushima, Noriaki & Cato, Susumu, 2013. "Competitiveness and R&D competition revisited," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 541-547.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecmode:v:31:y:2013:i:c:p:541-547
    DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2012.12.016
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    competitiveness; innovation; Schumpeterian view; pro-competitive view;

    JEL classification:

    • L21 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Business Objectives of the Firm
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets

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