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Trade and productivity: Self-selection or learning-by-exporting in India

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  • Haidar, Jamal Ibrahim

Abstract

Recent literature tried to explain the Indian growth miracle in different ways, ranging from trade liberalization to industrial reforms. Using data on Indian manufacturing firms, this paper analyzes the relationship between firm's productivity and export market participation during 1991–2004. While it provides evidence of the self-selection hypothesis by showing that more productive firms become exporters, the results do not show that entry into export markets enhances productivity. The paper examines the explanation of self selection hypothesis for total factor productivity differences across 33,510 exporting and non-exporting firms. It uses propensity score matching to test the learning-by-exporting hypothesis. In line with the prediction of recent heterogeneous firm models of international trade, the main finding of the paper is: more productive firms become exporters but it is not the case that learning by exporting is a channel fuelling growth in Indian manufacturing.

Suggested Citation

  • Haidar, Jamal Ibrahim, 2012. "Trade and productivity: Self-selection or learning-by-exporting in India," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(5), pages 1766-1773.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecmode:v:29:y:2012:i:5:p:1766-1773 DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2012.05.005
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    Cited by:

    1. Leila Baghdadi & Sonia Ben Kheder & Hassen Arouri, 2017. "In Search of A New Development Model For Tunisia: Assessing the Performance of the Offshore Regime," Working Papers 1118, Economic Research Forum, revised 07 Jun 2017.
    2. Nanditha Mathew, 2017. "Drivers of firm growth: micro-evidence from Indian manufacturing," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 27(3), pages 585-611, July.
    3. repec:spr:jqecon:v:15:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s40953-016-0056-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Hu, Cui & Tan, Yong, 2016. "Product differentiation, export participation and productivity growth: Evidence from Chinese manufacturing firms," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 234-252.
    5. Diana Alexandra Gonçalves Costa & Ana Teresa Cunha de Pinho Tavares Lehmann, 2015. "Performance Differences between Exporters and Non-Exporters: the Case of Portugal," FEP Working Papers 569, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
    6. Naqeeb Ur Rehman, 2017. "Self-selection and learning-by-exporting hypotheses: micro-level evidence," Eurasian Economic Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 7(1), pages 133-160, April.
    7. Bedassa Tadesse & Roger White & Elias Shukralla, 2015. "Production Efficiency and the Extensive Margins of U.S. Exporters: An Industry-level Analysis," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 26(5), pages 941-969, November.
    8. Marco Grazzi & Nanditha Mathew & Daniele Moschella, 2017. "Efficiency, innovation, and imported inputs: determinants of export performance among Indian manufacturing firms," LEM Papers Series 2017/09, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    9. Valeria, Gattai & Rajssa, Mechelli & Piergiovanna, Natale, 2016. "FDI and Heterogeneous Firms: Evidence from BRIC Countries," Working Papers 322, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised 18 Jan 2016.
    10. Jiang, Zheng & Shi, Huimin, 2016. "The selection of firms based on productivity: different roles of entry and overhead cost," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 537-544.
    11. repec:kap:sbusec:v:49:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s11187-016-9817-7 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Trade; Learning-by-exporting hypothesis; Self-selection hypothesis; Total factor productivity; Causality; Heterogeneous firm model;

    JEL classification:

    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F20 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - General
    • F40 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - General
    • L1 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance
    • L2 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior
    • L6 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing

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