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Comparison of solutions to the multi-country Real Business Cycle model

  • Kollmann, Robert
  • Maliar, Serguei
  • Malin, Benjamin A.
  • Pichler, Paul

We compare the performance of perturbation, projection, and stochastic simulation algorithms for solving the multi-country RBC model described in Den Haan et al. (this issue). The main challenge of solving this model comes from its large number of continuous-valued state variables, ranging between four and 20 in the specifications we consider. The algorithms differ substantially in terms of speed and accuracy, and a clear trade-off exists between the two. Perturbation methods are very fast but invoke large approximation errors except at points close to the steady state; the projection methods considered are accurate on a large area of the state space but are very slow for specifications with many state variables; stochastic simulation methods have lower accuracy than projection methods, but their computational cost increases only moderately with the state-space dimension. Simulated series generated by different methods can differ noticeably, but only small differences are found in unconditional moments of simulated variables. On the basis of our comparison, we identify the factors that account for differences in accuracy and speed across methods, and we suggest directions for further improvement of some approaches.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control.

Volume (Year): 35 (2011)
Issue (Month): 2 (February)
Pages: 186-202

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Handle: RePEc:eee:dyncon:v:35:y:2011:i:2:p:186-202
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jedc

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  1. S. B. Aruoba & Jesús Fernández-Villaverde & Juan F. Rubio-Ramirez, 2005. "Comparing Solution Methods for Dynamic Equilibrium Economies," Levine's Bibliography 122247000000000855, UCLA Department of Economics.
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  3. Kenneth Judd & Lilia Maliar & Serguei Maliar, 2009. "Numerically Stable Stochastic Simulation Approaches for Solving Dynamic Economic Models," NBER Working Papers 15296, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Maliar, Serguei & Maliar, Lilia & Judd, Kenneth, 2011. "Solving the multi-country real business cycle model using ergodic set methods," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 207-228, February.
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  9. Den Haan, Wouter J., 2010. "Comparison of solutions to the incomplete markets model with aggregate uncertainty," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 4-27, January.
  10. Gaspar, Jess & L. Judd, Kenneth, 1997. "Solving Large-Scale Rational-Expectations Models," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 1(01), pages 45-75, January.
  11. Pichler, Paul, 2011. "Solving the multi-country Real Business Cycle model using a monomial rule Galerkin method," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 240-251, February.
  12. Judd, Kenneth L., 1992. "Projection methods for solving aggregate growth models," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 58(2), pages 410-452, December.
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  15. Lilia Maliar & Serguei Maliar, 2005. "Parameterized Expectations Algorithm: How to Solve for Labor Easily," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 25(3), pages 269-274, June.
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