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Childcare effects on maternal employment: Evidence from Chile

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  • Martínez A., Claudia
  • Perticará, Marcela

Abstract

Using a randomized experiment, this study examines whether offering afterschool care for children aged between 6 and 13 has an impact on labor market outcomes for women in Chile. The results show that program participation increases employment by 5% and labor force participation by 7%, while the intervention also generates substantial childcare substitution. The results also suggest that the provision of afterschool care for older children triggers the use of free daycare for young (ineligible) children.

Suggested Citation

  • Martínez A., Claudia & Perticará, Marcela, 2017. "Childcare effects on maternal employment: Evidence from Chile," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 126(C), pages 127-137.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:deveco:v:126:y:2017:i:c:p:127-137
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2017.01.001
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    J13; J21; Female labor supply; Childcare; Randomized control trial; Afterschool programs;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure

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