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Efecto de una mayor cobertura de salas cuna en la participación laboral femenina: evidencia de Chile

Author

Listed:
  • Jenny Encina
  • Claudia Martínez

Abstract

La provisión publica de salas cunas en Chile aumento en un 70% entre el 2005 y 2006. Esta variación exógena en la disponibilidad de cuidado infantil a nivel comunal es utilizada en este estudio para estimar su efecto en la participación laboral femenina (PLF). A pesar de esta fuerte expansión se encuentra que la provisión de salas cunas no ha tenido efecto en la PLF. Razones culturales e institucionales pueden explicar este resultado: la visión tradicional del rol de la mujer en el cuidado de los niños, baja cobertura de las salas cunas (al 2006), jornada de atención de salas cunas y proceso de postulación a ellas entre otros.

Suggested Citation

  • Jenny Encina & Claudia Martínez, 2009. "Efecto de una mayor cobertura de salas cuna en la participación laboral femenina: evidencia de Chile," Working Papers wp303, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:udc:wpaper:wp303
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    File URL: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/uploads/publicacion/d4e97f70-9941-49cd-86de-a21292742632.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:oup:wbecrv:v:31:y:2017:i:3:p:747-766. is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Dante Contreras & Paulina Sepúlveda, 2017. "Effect of Lengthening the School Day on Mother's Labor Supply," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 31(3), pages 747-766.
    3. Gregory Veramendi & Sergio Urzúa, 2011. "The Impact of Out-of-Home Childcare Centers on Early Childhood Development," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 3065, Inter-American Development Bank.
    4. Daniela Del Boca, 2015. "Child Care Arrangements and Labor Supply," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 88074, Inter-American Development Bank.
    5. Martínez A., Claudia & Perticará, Marcela, 2017. "Childcare effects on maternal employment: Evidence from Chile," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 126(C), pages 127-137.
    6. Dante Contreras & Esteban Puentes & David Bravo, 2012. "Female Labor Supply and Child Care Supply in Chile," Working Papers wp370, University of Chile, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • H4 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods

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