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Data-driven smooth tests for the martingale difference hypothesis

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  • Escanciano, Juan Carlos
  • Mayoral, Silvia

Abstract

A general method for testing the martingale difference hypothesis is proposed. The new tests are data-driven smooth tests based on the principal components of certain marked empirical processes that are asymptotically distribution-free, with critical values that are already tabulated. The smooth tests are shown to be optimal in a semiparametric sense discussed in the paper, and they are robust to conditional heteroscedasticity of unknown form. A simulation study shows that the data-driven smooth tests perform very well for a wide range of realistic alternatives and have more power than omnibus and other competing tests. Finally, an application to the S&P 500 stock index and some of its components highlights the merits of our approach. The paper also contains a new weak convergence theorem that is of independent interest.

Suggested Citation

  • Escanciano, Juan Carlos & Mayoral, Silvia, 2010. "Data-driven smooth tests for the martingale difference hypothesis," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 54(8), pages 1983-1998, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:csdana:v:54:y:2010:i:8:p:1983-1998
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    1. Escanciano, J. Carlos & Velasco, Carlos, 2006. "Testing the martingale difference hypothesis using integrated regression functions," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 51(4), pages 2278-2294, December.
    2. George Kapetanios & Andrew P. Blake, 2007. "Testing the Martingale Difference Hypothesis Using Neural Network Approximations," Working Papers 601, Queen Mary University of London, School of Economics and Finance.
    3. Escanciano, J. Carlos & Velasco, Carlos, 2006. "Generalized spectral tests for the martingale difference hypothesis," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 134(1), pages 151-185, September.
    4. Escanciano, J. Carlos & Lobato, Ignacio N., 2009. "An automatic Portmanteau test for serial correlation," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 151(2), pages 140-149, August.
    5. Hervé Cardot & Frédéric Ferraty & André Mas & Pascal Sarda, 2003. "Testing Hypotheses in the Functional Linear Model," Scandinavian Journal of Statistics, Danish Society for Theoretical Statistics;Finnish Statistical Society;Norwegian Statistical Association;Swedish Statistical Association, vol. 30(1), pages 241-255, March.
    6. Ferreira, E. & Stute, W., 2004. "Testing for Differences Between Conditional Means in a Time Series Context," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 99, pages 169-174, January.
    7. Linton, O. & Whang, Yoon-Jae, 2007. "The quantilogram: With an application to evaluating directional predictability," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 141(1), pages 250-282, November.
    8. Hsieh, David A, 1989. "Testing for Nonlinear Dependence in Daily Foreign Exchange Rates," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 62(3), pages 339-368, July.
    9. Durlauf, Steven N., 1991. "Spectral based testing of the martingale hypothesis," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 50(3), pages 355-376, December.
    10. Juan Carlos Escanciano, 2005. "On the Asymptotic Power Properties of Specification Tests for Dynamic Parametric Regressions," Faculty Working Papers 07/05, School of Economics and Business Administration, University of Navarra.
    11. Deo, Rohit S., 2000. "Spectral tests of the martingale hypothesis under conditional heteroscedasticity," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 99(2), pages 291-315, December.
    12. Escanciano, J. Carlos, 2009. "On The Lack Of Power Of Omnibus Specification Tests," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 25(1), pages 162-194, February.
    13. Stute, W. & Presedo Quindimil, M. & González Manteiga, W. & Koul, H.L., 2006. "Model checks of higher order time series," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 76(13), pages 1385-1396, July.
    14. Escanciano, J. Carlos, 2006. "Goodness-of-Fit Tests for Linear and Nonlinear Time Series Models," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 101, pages 531-541, June.
    15. Fan J. & Huang L-S., 2001. "Goodness-of-Fit Tests for Parametric Regression Models," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 96, pages 640-652, June.
    16. Manuel A. Dominguez & Ignacio N. Lobato, 2001. "A Consistent Test for the Martingale Difference Hypothesis," Working Papers 0101, Centro de Investigacion Economica, ITAM.
    17. Winfried Stute & Li‐Xing Zhu, 2002. "Model Checks for Generalized Linear Models," Scandinavian Journal of Statistics, Danish Society for Theoretical Statistics;Finnish Statistical Society;Norwegian Statistical Association;Swedish Statistical Association, vol. 29(3), pages 535-545, September.
    18. Guay, Alain & Guerre, Emmanuel, 2006. "A Data-Driven Nonparametric Specification Test For Dynamic Regression Models," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 22(4), pages 543-586, August.
    19. R. L. Eubank, 2000. "Testing for No Effect by Cosine Series Methods," Scandinavian Journal of Statistics, Danish Society for Theoretical Statistics;Finnish Statistical Society;Norwegian Statistical Association;Swedish Statistical Association, vol. 27(4), pages 747-763, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Teresa Ledwina & Grzegorz Wyłupek, 2012. "Nonparametric tests for stochastic ordering," TEST: An Official Journal of the Spanish Society of Statistics and Operations Research, Springer;Sociedad de Estadística e Investigación Operativa, vol. 21(4), pages 730-756, December.
    2. Hsu, Shih-Hsun & Kuan, Chung-Ming, 2014. "Constructing smooth tests without estimating the eigenpairs of the limiting process," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 178(P1), pages 71-79.
    3. Zdeněk Hlávka & Marie Hušková & Claudia Kirch & Simos G. Meintanis, 2017. "Fourier--type tests involving martingale difference processes," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(4), pages 468-492, April.
    4. Escanciano, J. Carlos & Lobato, Ignacio N., 2009. "An automatic Portmanteau test for serial correlation," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 151(2), pages 140-149, August.
    5. Junjie Guo & Juan Carlos Escanciano & Jinho Choi, 2017. "Identification and Generalized Band Spectrum Estimation of the New Keynesian Phillips Curve," CAEPR Working Papers 2017-014, Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research, Department of Economics, Indiana University Bloomington.
    6. Huang, Henry H. & Wang, Kent & Wang, Zhanglong, 2016. "A test of efficiency for the S&P 500 index option market using the generalized spectrum method," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 52-70.

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