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Distance matters: the impact of physical and relative distance on pleasure tourists' length of stay in Barbados


  • Jackman, Mahalia
  • Lorde, Troy
  • Naitram, Simon
  • Greenaway, Tori


This paper argues that length of stay is a reflection of the distance between the origin and destination country. Past interpretations of distance premised on spatial aspects. This study extends the dimensional space of distance to include socio-psychological dimensions, climate distance and economic distance. Our empirical analysis utilizes airport data covering over 350,000 pleasure tourists to Barbados from 144 countries. The results suggest that the length of stay of pleasure tourists to Barbados increases with geographic distance, cultural distance and climatic distance, but is inversely related to economic distance. We find no evidence that long-distance relationships (captured by transnational and diasporic relationships) affect tourist length of stay. Implications of these findings are provided.

Suggested Citation

  • Jackman, Mahalia & Lorde, Troy & Naitram, Simon & Greenaway, Tori, 2020. "Distance matters: the impact of physical and relative distance on pleasure tourists' length of stay in Barbados," Annals of Tourism Research, Elsevier, vol. 80(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:anture:v:80:y:2020:i:c:s0160738319301513
    DOI: 10.1016/j.annals.2019.102794

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    Cited by:

    1. Xue, Lan & Zhang, Yi, 2020. "The effect of distance on tourist behavior: A study based on social media data," Annals of Tourism Research, Elsevier, vol. 82(C).
    2. Liu, Yeyi & Hultman, Magnus & Eisingerich, Andreas B. & Wei, Xingjie, 2020. "How does brand loyalty interact with tourism destination? Exploring the effect of brand loyalty on place attachment," Annals of Tourism Research, Elsevier, vol. 81(C).

    More about this item


    Length of stay; Distance; Tourism demand; Cultural distance; Climate distance; Linder's hypothesis;

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism


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