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A comparison of energy use in conventional and organic olive oil production in Spain

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  • Guzmán, Gloria I.
  • Alonso, Antonio M.

Abstract

The current situation of worldwide concern over the emission of greenhouse gases and its effect on the climate demands an evaluation, from the perspective of energy efficiency and more specifically of non-renewable energy sources, of tendencies for change in the management of agricultural systems which have arisen in recent years. This article uses energy balances to evaluate the contribution of organic olive growing to the increase in the energy efficiency of Mediterranean agriculture, distinguished according to type of watering regime and intensiveness of cultivation. The results show, on one side, the lower energy efficiency of irrigated land as opposed to dryland (i.e. non-irrigated) regardless of their style of management and, on the other, the greater non-renewable energy efficiency of organic olive growing in comparison with the conventional production. Nevertheless, organic management could still improve its energy efficiency if it further adjusts and internalizes the flows of nutrients needed in order to achieve greater sustainability.

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  • Guzmán, Gloria I. & Alonso, Antonio M., 2008. "A comparison of energy use in conventional and organic olive oil production in Spain," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 98(3), pages 167-176, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:agisys:v:98:y:2008:i:3:p:167-176
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    2. Quiroga, Sonia & Iglesias, Ana, 2009. "A comparison of the climate risks of cereal, citrus, grapevine and olive production in Spain," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 101(1-2), pages 91-100, June.
    3. El Hanandeh, Ali & Gharaibeh, Mamoun A., 2016. "Environmental efficiency of olive oil production by small and micro-scale farmers in northern Jordan: Life cycle assessment," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 148(C), pages 169-177.
    4. Maestre-Valero, J.F. & Martin-Gorriz, B. & Nicolas, E. & Martinez-Mate, M.A. & Martinez-Alvarez, V., 2018. "Deficit irrigation with reclaimed water in a citrus orchard. Energy and greenhouse-gas emissions analysis," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 159(C), pages 93-102.
    5. Torres-Miralles, M. & Grammatikopoulou, I. & Rescia, A.J., 2017. "Employing contingent and inferred valuation methods to evaluate the conservation of olive groves and associated ecosystem services in Andalusia (Spain)," Ecosystem Services, Elsevier, vol. 26(PA), pages 258-269.
    6. Martin-Gorriz, B. & Soto-García, M. & Martínez-Alvarez, V., 2014. "Energy and greenhouse-gas emissions in irrigated agriculture of SE (southeast) Spain. Effects of alternative water supply scenarios," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 478-488.
    7. Topak, Ramazan & Süheri, Sinan & Acar, Bilal, 2010. "Comparison of energy of irrigation regimes in sugar beet production in a semi-arid region," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 35(12), pages 5464-5471.
    8. Rafiee, Shahin & Mousavi Avval, Seyed Hashem & Mohammadi, Ali, 2010. "Modeling and sensitivity analysis of energy inputs for apple production in Iran," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 35(8), pages 3301-3306.
    9. Pishgar-Komleh, S.H. & Sefeedpari, P. & Rafiee, S., 2011. "Energy and economic analysis of rice production under different farm levels in Guilan province of Iran," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 5824-5831.
    10. Schramski, J.R. & Jacobsen, K.L. & Smith, T.W. & Williams, M.A. & Thompson, T.M., 2013. "Energy as a potential systems-level indicator of sustainability in organic agriculture: Case study model of a diversified, organic vegetable production system," Ecological Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 267(C), pages 102-114.
    11. Taxidis, Efstratios T. & Menexes, George C. & Mamolos, Andreas P. & Tsatsarelis, Constantinos A. & Anagnostopoulos, Christos D. & Kalburtji, Kyriaki L., 2015. "Comparing organic and conventional olive groves relative to energy use and greenhouse gas emissions associated with the cultivation of two varieties," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 149(C), pages 117-124.
    12. Rajaeifar, Mohammad Ali & Akram, Asadolah & Ghobadian, Barat & Rafiee, Shahin & Heijungs, Reinout & Tabatabaei, Meisam, 2016. "Environmental impact assessment of olive pomace oil biodiesel production and consumption: A comparative lifecycle assessment," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 87-102.

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