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Is there Convergence and Causality between the Drivers of Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions among the Portuguese Tourism Industry?

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  • Victor Moutinho

    (CEFAGE - Center of Advanced Studies in Management and Economics, University of Évora, Évora, Portugal,
    Department of Economics, Management and Industrial Engineering University of Aveiro, Campus de Santiago 3810-193, Aveiro, Portugal.)

Abstract

The various subsectors related to tourism have different impacts on the level of emissions but also different factors that contribute to these emissions. The purpose of this paper is to study: (i) Whether the various subsectors of tourism in Portugal behaved similarly in the period 1996-2009 in relation to the intensity of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and for their determinant ratios. This question is studied through the convergence analysis, dividing tourism subsectors between their direct or indirect impact on tourism industry, and (ii) the prediction of the interaction between the intensity of emissions and its determinant ratios in the future. The lower divergences in tourism activities would facilitate the implementation of measures on how to mitigate CO2 emissions at tourism industry and as a result, commit to Kyoto protocol.

Suggested Citation

  • Victor Moutinho, 2015. "Is there Convergence and Causality between the Drivers of Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions among the Portuguese Tourism Industry?," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 5(3), pages 828-840.
  • Handle: RePEc:eco:journ2:2015-03-26
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:eee:streco:v:46:y:2018:i:c:p:96-106 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Carbon Dioxide Emissions Intensity; Convergence; Decomposition; Generalized Variance Decomposition; Impulse Response Functions; Tourism; Portugal;

    JEL classification:

    • Q49 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Other
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy

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