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Relationship between Tourism and Economic Growth: A Panel Granger Causality Approach

Author

Listed:
  • E. Çaglayan

    (Department of Econometrics, Faculty of Economics, Marmara University, Goztepe-Kadikoy, Istanbul (Turkey))

  • N. Sak

    (Department of Econometrics, Faculty of Economics, Marmara University, Goztepe-Kadikoy, Istanbul (Turkey))

  • K. Karymshakov

    (Department of Public Finance, Kyrgyzstan-Turkey Manas University, ChyngyzAytmatov Campus, Djal, Bishkek (Kyrgyzstan))

Abstract

This paper investigated the causal relationship between tourism revenue and gross domestic product (GDP) using the panel data of 135 countries for the period 1995–2008. For this purpose, Panel Granger causality analysis was applied to 11 groups of countries. This classification was created as America (30 countries), Asia (34 countries), Europe (37 countries), East Asia (13 countries), South Asia (6 countries), Central Asia (5 countries), Latin America & Caribbean (28 countries), Oceania (7 countries), Middle East & North Africa (11 countries), Sub Saharan Africa (24 countries) and the world (135 countries). Results indicated bidirectional causality in Europe between tourism revenue (TR) and gross domestic product (GDP). Findings showed that there is a unidirectional causality in America, Latin America & Caribbean and World from GDP to tourism revenue. While in case of East Asia, South Asia and Oceania the reverse direction of causality was found from tourism revenue to GDP. No causal relationship was found in Asia, Middle East and North Africa, Central Asia and Sub Saharan Africa.

Suggested Citation

  • E. Çaglayan & N. Sak & K. Karymshakov, 2012. "Relationship between Tourism and Economic Growth: A Panel Granger Causality Approach," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 2(5), pages 591-602, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:asi:aeafrj:2012:p:591-602
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Andrew Phiri, 2016. "Tourism and Economic Growth in South Africa: Evidence from Linear and Nonlinear Cointegration Frameworks," Managing Global Transitions, University of Primorska, Faculty of Management Koper, vol. 14(1 (Spring), pages 31-53.
    2. Andreas G. Georgantopoulos, 2013. "Tourism Expansion and Economic Development: Var/Vecm Analysis and Forecasts for the Case of India," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 3(4), pages 464-482, April.
    3. Smiljana Pivčević & Zvonimir Kuliš & Neven Šerić, 2016. "The pull factors of tourism demand: a panel data analysis for Latin American and Carribean countries," Tourism and Hospitality Industry 24, University of Rijeka, Faculty of Tourism and Hospitality Management.
    4. João Sousa Andrade & Marta Simões & Adelaide Duarte, 2013. "Despesa Pública em Educação e Saúde e Crescimento Económico: Um Contributo para o Debate sobre as Funções Sociais do Estado," GEMF Working Papers 2013-18, GEMF, Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra.
    5. Prasanna-Perera Lalith Welgamage, 2015. "Tourism Economics in Sri Lanka: An Econometric Analysis," International Journal of Business and Social Research, MIR Center for Socio-Economic Research, vol. 5(1), pages 90-101, January.
    6. Victor Moutinho, 2015. "Is there Convergence and Causality between the Drivers of Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions among the Portuguese Tourism Industry?," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 5(3), pages 828-840.

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