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The Determinants of Technical Efficiency of Oil Palm Smallholders in Indonesia

Author

Listed:
  • Firna Varina

    (Department of Agribusiness, Graha Karya School of Agriculture, Jl. Gajah Mada Muara Bulian, Indonesia,)

  • Sri Hartoyo

    (Department of Economic, Faculty of Economics and Management, IPB University, Indonesia,)

  • Nunung Kusnadi

    (Department of Agribusiness, Faculty of Economics and Management, IPB University, Indonesia.)

  • Amzul Rifin

    (Department of Agribusiness, Faculty of Economics and Management, IPB University, Indonesia.)

Abstract

The main objective of the present study is to analyze the technical efficiency (TE) and evaluate its determinant in smallholder oil palm farming in Indonesia. The stochastic frontier analysis was applied to 20,409 selected oil palm farmers from the results of the 2014 Estate Cultivation Household Survey (ST2013 SKB) conducted by BPS-Statistics Indonesia. The results showed that all the input variables had a positive influence on oil palm production along with existing inefficiencies among heterogeneous smallholder farmers. They also indicated that the mean level of the TE among oil palm smallholders was 0.6694. Furthermore, variables such as farmer age, education, type of farmer, and location of the farm had positive and significant effects on TE. Therefore, the development policies in the oil palm smallholder sector might focus on promoting education and facilitate the accessibility of farmers to extension services by giving guidance on farming management based on environmentally friendly principles to improve production regarding land expansion.

Suggested Citation

  • Firna Varina & Sri Hartoyo & Nunung Kusnadi & Amzul Rifin, 2020. "The Determinants of Technical Efficiency of Oil Palm Smallholders in Indonesia," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 10(6), pages 89-93.
  • Handle: RePEc:eco:journ1:2020-06-12
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    smallholder; stochastic frontier; technical efficiency;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment

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