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Erfahrungen und Herausforderungen der Telekommunikationsregulierung in Deutschland

Listed author(s):
  • Ralf Dewenter
  • Ulrich Heimeshoff

The liberalization and regulation of telecommunications markets in Germany is called, despite some adversity as a great success. Consumers enjoy, in contrast to the days of state owned monopoly, affordable and innovative products. In the center of the regulation was for almost one and a half decades the non-discriminatory access to the copper-based infrastructure of the incumbent. Due to technical progress, the focus of regulation will continue to move to other areas, such as, for example, issues of access to new fiber optic networks, network neutrality on the Internet and Voice over IP. To find appropriate solutions for these difficult regulatory questions, partly new regulatory approaches have to be developed. This paper briefly presents the historical evolution of telecommunications regulation in Germany and the status quo of regulation. In the sections following the presentation of the status quo, new challenges for telecommunications regulation are outlined and proposals to find solutions for these challenges are described if available. Die Liberalisierung und Regulierung der Telekommunikationsmärkte in Deutschland ist trotz einiger Widrigkeiten als großer Erfolg zu bezeichnen. Verbrauchern stehen, im Gegensatz zu den Zeiten des staatlichen Monopols, preisgünstige und innovative Produkte zur Verfügung. Im Zentrum der Regulierung stand für fast eineinhalb Jahrzehnte der diskriminierungsfreie Zugang zur kupferbasierten Infrastruktur des etablierten Anbieters. Durch technischen Fortschritt wird sich der Fokus der Regulierung künftig auf andere Bereiche verschieben, wie beispielsweise Fragen des Zugangs zu neuen Glasfasernetzen, Netzneutralität im Internet und Voice over IP. Zur Lösung dieser Fragen müssen teilweise neue regulatorische Ansätze entwickelt werden. Der vorliegende Beitrag stellt die bisherige Entwicklung der Telekommunikationsregulierung in Deutschland sowie den Status quo dar. In den darauf folgenden Abschnitten werden neue Herausforderungen für die Telekommunikationsregulierung skizziert und soweit vorhanden erste Lösungsvorschläge dargestellt.

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Article provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its journal Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung.

Volume (Year): 81 (2012)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 9-22

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Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:81-1-2
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  1. Jörn Kruse, 2008. "Internet-Überlast, Netzneutralität und Service-Qualität," Wirtschaftsdienst, Springer;German National Library of Economics, vol. 88(3), pages 188-194, March.
  2. Hermalin, Benjamin E. & Katz, Michael L., 2007. "The economics of product-line restrictions with an application to the network neutrality debate," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 215-248, June.
  3. Baumol, William J, 1982. "Contestable Markets: An Uprising in the Theory of Industry Structure," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(1), pages 1-15, March.
  4. Lars-Hendrik Röller & Leonard Waverman, 1996. "Telecommunications Infrastructure and Economic Development: A Simultaneous Approach," CIG Working Papers FS IV 96-16, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB), Research Unit: Competition and Innovation (CIG).
  5. Dewenter, Ralf & Jaschinski, Thomas & Wiese, Nadine, 2009. "Wettbewerbliche Auswirkungen eines nichtneutralen Internets," Ilmenau Economics Discussion Papers 64, Ilmenau University of Technology, Institute of Economics.
  6. Kruse, Joern, 2008. "Internet-Ueberlast, Netzneutralitaet und Service-Qualitaet," Working Paper 75/2008, Helmut Schmidt University, Hamburg.
  7. Avinash K. Dixit & Robert S. Pindyck, 1994. "Investment under Uncertainty," Economics Books, Princeton University Press, edition 1, number 5474.
  8. Greenstein, Shane & McMaster, Susan & Spiller, Pablo T, 1995. "The Effect of Incentive Regulation on Infrastructure Modernization: Local Exchange Companies' Deployment of Digital Technology," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 4(2), pages 187-236, Summer.
  9. Knieps, Gunter, 1997. "Phasing Out Sector-Specific Regulation in Competitive Telecommunications," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 50(3), pages 325-339.
  10. Haucap, Justus & Coenen, Michael, 2010. "Regulierung und Deregulierung in Telekommunikationsmärkten: Theorie und Praxis," DICE Ordnungspolitische Perspektiven 01, Düsseldorf Institute for Competition Economics (DICE), University of Düsseldorf.
  11. Alicia H. Munnell, 1992. "Policy Watch: Infrastructure Investment and Economic Growth," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 6(4), pages 189-198, Fall.
  12. Kruse, Jörn, 2011. "Netzneutralität Soll die Neutralität des Internet staatlich reguliert werden?," Working Paper 111/2011, Helmut Schmidt University, Hamburg.
  13. Joshua Gans & Stephen King, 2003. "Access Holidays for Network Infrastructure Investment," Monash Economics Working Papers archive-39, Monash University, Department of Economics.
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