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Migration, Sozialstaat und Zuwanderungspolitik

  • Thomas K. Bauer

Im Rahmen dieses Beitrags wird der Frage nachgegangen, ob ein großzügig ausgestalteter Sozialstaat zusätzliche Wanderungsanreize generieren kann, die eine nennenswerte Zuwanderung in das Sozialversicherungssystem zur Folge haben. Darüber hinaus werden verschiedene Politikoptionen zur Einschränkung derartiger Zuwanderungsströme diskutiert. Ein Überblick der relevanten empirischen Literatur zeigt, dass derzeit keine gesicherten Aussagen hinsichtlich der Effekte von Sozialversicherungssystemen auf die Wanderungsentscheidung von Individuen möglich sind. Die empirische Evidenz lässt jedoch vermuten, dass starke Effekte unwahrscheinlich sind. Es wird weiterhin aufgezeigt, dass die gestiegene Sozialhilfequote unter Ausländern in Deutschland zu einem Großteil historisch bedingt ist und angesichts einer sich fundamental ändernden Immigrationspolitik nicht auf zukünftige Zuwanderungsströme übertragen werden kann. Empirische Studien zu den Determinanten des Sozialhilfebezugs implizieren, dass eine auf die Arbeitsmarkt- und Integrationsfähigkeit von Migranten ausgerichtete selektive Zuwanderungspolitik, wie sie teilweise im neuen Zuwanderungsgesetz vorgesehen ist, dazu beitragen kann, das Sozialhilferisiko zukünftiger Zuwanderer zu verringern.

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File URL: http://ejournals.duncker-humblot.de/doi/pdf/10.3790/vjh.71.2.249
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Article provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its journal Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung.

Volume (Year): 71 (2002)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 249-271

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Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:71-20-6
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  10. Hans-Werner Sinn & Gebhard Flaig & Martin Werding & Sonja Munz & Nicola Düll & Herbert Hofmann, 2001. "EU-Erweiterung und Arbeitskräftemigration : Wege zu einer schrittweisen Annäherung der Arbeitsmärkte," ifo Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 2.
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