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Contribution à une histoire de l’externalisation:le cas Renault (1945-1975)

Listed author(s):
  • Karine Fabre

    (Université Paris-Dauphine – DRM – UMR 7088)

  • Gwenaëlle Nogatchewsky

    (Université Paris-Dauphine – DRM – UMR 7088)

  • Anne Pezet


    (Université Paris-Dauphine – DRM – UMR 7088)

Registered author(s):

    (VF)Les principaux motifs d’externalisation évoqués vont du fonctionnalisme (recherche de l’efficience) à l’institutionnalisme (recherche de légitimité). Alors que la plupart des études empiriques conduites sur ce sujet ont été réalisées à l’aide de sources secondaires et souvent en fonction d’un dessein plus hypothético-déductif qu’inductif, nous proposons a contrario une application stricte de la méthode historique et l’exploitation de sources primaires, les archives Renault. Cela nous conduit à deux principaux résultats:la mise en évidence d’une multiplicité et d’une instabilité des facteurs explicatifs de la décision d’intégration /désintégration verticale et le constat d’une tendance de long terme qui semble se dégager en faveur de l’externalisation.(VA)Theoretical explanations of the decision to outsource typically range from functionalism (search for efficiency) to institutionalism (search for legitimacy). Up to date, most empirical studies on the subject have been carried out relying on secondary data sources and are generally inspired by deductive rather than inductive methodology. The case history related in the present article is based on the exploitation of primary sources, which stem from the Renault archives. From this analysis, we are able to draw two main conclusions: the first concerns the multiplicity and instability of the factors explaining the decision to implement outsourcing/ vertical disintegration; the second highlights the emergence of a long-term trend in favour of outsourcing.

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    Article provided by in its journal Revue Finance Contrôle Stratégie.

    Volume (Year): 13 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 2 (June)
    Pages: 145-188.

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    Handle: RePEc:dij:revfcs:v:13:y:2010:i:q2:p:145-188.
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    1. Berengère Gosse & Caroline Sargis-Roussel & Pierre-Antoine Sprimont, 2002. "Les changements organisationnels liés aux stratégies d'externalisation:le cas d'une entreprise industrielle," Revue Finance Contrôle Stratégie,, vol. 5(1), pages 101-128, March.
    2. Jean Tirole, 1988. "The Theory of Industrial Organization," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262200716, January.
    3. Coase, R H, 1988. "The Nature of the Firm: Influence," Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 4(1), pages 33-47, Spring.
    4. Hakansson, Hakan & Lind, Johnny, 2004. "Accounting and network coordination," Accounting, Organizations and Society, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 51-72, January.
    5. Klein, Benjamin, 1988. "Vertical Integration as Organizational Ownership: The Fisher Body-General Motors Relationship Revisited," Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 4(1), pages 199-213, Spring.
    6. Casadesus-Masanell, Ramon & Spulber, Daniel F, 2000. "The Fable of Fisher Body," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 43(1), pages 67-104, April.
    7. repec:dau:papers:123456789/1041 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Freeland, Robert F, 2000. "Creating Holdup through Vertical Integration: Fisher Body Revisited," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 43(1), pages 33-66, April.
    9. Argyres, Nicholas S. & Liebeskind, Julia Porter, 2002. "Governance inseparability and the evolution of US biotechnology industry," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 197-219, February.
    10. Klein, Benjamin, 2000. "Fisher-General Motors and the Nature of the Firm," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 43(1), pages 105-141, April.
    11. Langlois, Richard N. & Robertson, Paul L., 1989. "Explaining Vertical Integration: Lessons from the American Automobile Industry," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 49(02), pages 361-375, June.
    12. Young, Allyn A., 1928. "Increasing Returns and Economic Progress," History of Economic Thought Articles, McMaster University Archive for the History of Economic Thought, vol. 38, pages 527-542.
    13. Coase, R H, 2000. "The Acquisition of Fisher Body by General Motors," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 43(1), pages 15-31, April.
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