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¿Es la privatización la solución a los problemas de ineficiencia de las empresas públicas?: Revisión de la literatura

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  • Diana Oliveros

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  • Mauricio Mendoza

Abstract

Resumen Este trabajo presenta el estado del arte sobre el efecto de la privatización en los resultados de las empresas públicas durante los años 1990 hasta la actualidad. Se realizó una revisión a profundidad, tanto a nivel internacional como nacional, de los trabajos que analizan el efecto de la privatización sobre los resultados de las empresas sujetas a cambios de propiedad. De esta forma, encontramos que la privatización conllevó a mejoras en los resultados y la eficiencia de algunas de las empresas privatizadas. No obstante lo anterior, no puede tomarse como una regla la relación entre propiedad y eficiencia, ya que la evidencia nos muestra que la empresa pública no es siempre más ineficiente. En el caso colombiano, aún quedan muchas preguntas por responder debido a la escasez de estudios que analicen el tema.***** Abstract This paper presents the state of the art of the effect of the privatization on the results of the public enterprises from 1990 to the present. A thorough review was carried out, nationally and internationally, on the works analyzing the effect of privatization on the performance of firms subject to ownership changes. Thus, we found that privatization led to improvements in performance and efficiency of some of the companies. Nevertheless, the relationship between ownership and efficiency cannot be taken as a rule, as evidence shows that public companies are not always more inefficient. In Colombia, there are still many unanswered questions due to the lack of studies analyzing the subject.

Suggested Citation

  • Diana Oliveros & Mauricio Mendoza, 2013. "¿Es la privatización la solución a los problemas de ineficiencia de las empresas públicas?: Revisión de la literatura," Revista Lebret, Universidad Santo Tomás - Bucaramanga, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000385:011924
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    File URL: http://revistas.ustabuca.edu.co/index.php/LEBRET/article/view/330
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Palabras clave:Privatización; eficiencia; productividad; competitividad*****Key words:Privatization; efficiency; productivity; competitiveness;

    JEL classification:

    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
    • E69 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Other
    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation

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