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Efectos De La Privatización En La Eficiencia De Iberia Líneas Aéreas De España S.A

  • Jorge Pinilla

    ()

    (Departamento de Economía de la Empresa, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona)

  • Joaquim Vergés

    (Departamento de Economía de la Empresa, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona)

La privatización generalmente es motivada por los gobiernos debido al factor eficiencia. En este caso analizamos los efectos de la privatización en la eficiencia de Iberia entre 1984- 2004. Hemos realizado un análisis factorial que combina indicadores de eficiencia financiera y productiva. Los resultados muestran que no hay diferencias significativas entre medias para los períodos pre y post privatización. Al utilizar esta metodología, nuestros hallazgos muestran que la rentabilidad –por sí sola- no es un buen parámetro para medir la eficiencia de una empresa a través del tiempo en un análisis comparativo, ya que la eficiencia viene propiamente representada por la productividad (relación output/input). Los resultados sugieren que la pertenencia de una empresa a un sector desregulado y con una permanente turbulencia sectorial y de mercado influye en su eficiencia económica antes, durante y después de su privatización. El estudio no permite afirmar el supuesto básico de la Teoría de los Derechos de Propiedad: la empresa privada es más eficiente que la empresa pública..

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Article provided by Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Administrativas, Universidad de Concepción in its journal Revista Economía y Administración.

Volume (Year): 69 (2007)
Issue (Month): (December)
Pages: 7-38

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Handle: RePEc:cnc:journl:v:69:y:2007:p:7-38
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