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Factores que afectan la eficiencia técnica y asignativa en el sector cafetero colombiano: una aplicación con análisis envolvente de datos

Listed author(s):
  • Perdomo Jorge Andrés


  • Juan Carlos Mendieta


La eficiencia técnica y asignativa son análisis relativos, empleados en procesos productivos para conocer el máximo nivel producido y cantidad óptima utilizada de insumos acorde con sus precios. El presente estudio maneja datos microeconómicos de caficultores pequeños, medianos y grandes en los departamentos de Caldas, Quindío y Risaralda, para determinar la eficiencia técnica y asignativa mediante el método no paramétrico Análisis Envolvente de Datos - DEA (Data Envolpment Analysis, siglas en inglés). La eficiencia técnica promedio encontrada para pequeños fue de 3,76%, medianos de 51,71%, grandes de 60,15% y todo el sector1 de 42,38%. Mientras en eficiencia asignativa la media estadística obtenida, sobre las mismas unidades cafeteras, se ubicó así: 36,13%, 42,98%, 18,86% y 36,50%, respectivamente. Estas cifras, en el plano general, posiblemente presumen un sector cafetero y por tamaño de caficultor, en la muestra, ineficiente técnica y asignativamente. Resaltando a los grandes productores como más eficientes técnicamente e ineficientes asignativamente de todos los grupos involucrados. Esto significa que las unidades empresariales emplean muy bien la cantidad de insumos para maximizar su producción pero no logran producir al mínimo costo, dada la ineficiencia asignativa. Mientras los minifundistas, los campesinos y el sector general no explotan sus factores óptimamente y tampoco llegan al menor costo en producción por tener ineficiencia técnica y asignativa.

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Volume (Year): (2007)
Issue (Month): (September)

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Handle: RePEc:col:000090:004549
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  1. Jean-Paul Chavas & Ragan Petrie & Michael Roth, 2005. "Farm Household Production Efficiency: Evidence from The Gambia," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 87(1), pages 160-179.
  2. Perdomo Jorge Andrés & Juan Carlos Mendieta, 2007. "Factores que afectan la eficiencia técnica y asignativa en el sector cafetero colombiano: una aplicación con análisis envolvente de datos," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE, September.
  3. Thomas A. Garrett, 2001. "Economies of Scale and Inefficiency in County Extension Councils: A Case for Consolidation?," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 83(4), pages 811-825.
  4. Charnes, A. & Cooper, W. W. & Rhodes, E., 1978. "Measuring the efficiency of decision making units," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 2(6), pages 429-444, November.
  5. Mosheim, Roberto, 2002. "Organizational Type and Efficiency in the Costa Rican Coffee Processing Sector," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 296-316, June.
  6. Rios, Ana R. & Shively, Gerald E., 2005. "Farm size and nonparametric efficiency measurements for coffee farms in Vietnam," 2005 Annual meeting, July 24-27, Providence, RI 19159, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
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