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Politische Sozialisation im Wandel? Zusammenhang von Familienstruktur und bürgerschaftlichem Engagement

  • Helmut Rainer


  • Timo Hener


  • Thomas Siedler
  • Anita Fichtl


Funktionsfähige Demokratien hängen von interessierten, aktiven und informierten Bürgerinnen und Bürgern ab. Allerdings ist deren Interesse an Politik und deren bürgerschaftliches Engagement deutlich zurückgegangen. Gleichzeitig ist ein Wandel in den familiären Lebensformen zu beobachten: Sie sind brüchiger und vielfältiger geworden, oft auch kurzlebiger. Gibt es einen Zusammenhang zwischen diesen beiden Phänomenen? Engagieren sich Kinder, die nicht mit beiden Elternteilen aufgewachsen sind, später im Erwachsenenalter seltener für die Gesellschaft, weil in nicht-intakten Familienverhältnissen zu wenig Sozialkapital aufgebaut wird? Die Frage wurde anhand von Daten aus 26 Wellen des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels aus den Jahren 1984–2009 untersucht. Die Daten geben Auskunft über den Familienstatus in der Kindheit. Als Maß des bürgerschaftlichen Engagements wurde ein Index gebildet, der aus Daten zu folgenden vier Komponenten besteht: politisches Interesse, Parteiidentifikation, Mitwirkung in Organisationen und freiwillige/ehrenamtliche Tätigkeit. Das Ergebnis zeigt, dass das Aufwachsen in einer nicht-intakten Familie zu einem signifikanten Rückgang des bürgerschaftlichen Engagements im Erwachsenenalter führt.

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Article provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its journal ifo Schnelldienst.

Volume (Year): 66 (2013)
Issue (Month): 17 (09)
Pages: 30-38

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Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:66:y:2013:i:17:p:30-38
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  1. Marco Francesconi & Stephen Jenkins & Thomas Siedler, 2010. "Childhood family structure and schooling outcomes: evidence for Germany," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 23(3), pages 1073-1103, June.
  2. Björklund, Anders & Sundström, Marianne, 2004. "Parental Separation and Children's Educational Attainment: A Siblings Analysis on Swedish Register Data," Working Paper Series 4/2004, Swedish Institute for Social Research.
  3. Anna Sanz-de-Galdeano & Daniela Vuri, 2007. "Parental Divorce and Students' Performance: Evidence from Longitudinal Data," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 69(3), pages 321-338, 06.
  4. John Ermisch & Marco Francesconi & David J. Pevalin, 2004. "Parental partnership and joblessness in childhood and their influence on young people's outcomes," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 167(1), pages 69-101.
  5. Corak, Miles, 2001. "Death and Divorce: The Long-Term Consequences of Parental Loss on Adolescents," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 19(3), pages 682-715, July.
  6. Marco Francesconi & Stephen P. Jenkins & Thomas Siedler, 2010. "The effect of lone motherhood on the smoking behavior of young adults," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 19(11), pages 1377-1384.
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