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Die Vereinbarkeit von Familie und Beruf: der Schlüssel für eine kinderreiche Gesellschaft

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  • Robert Fenge
  • Wolfgang Ochel

Abstract

Die demographische Entwicklung in Deutschland rückt Fragen der Familien- und Kinderpolitik in den Mittelpunkt des öffentlichen Interesses. Ein Vergleich der Familienpolitik in Deutschland mit der einiger anderer europäischer Länder, die eine höhere Geburtenrate aufweisen, zeigt, dass in denjenigen Ländern, in denen Frauen ihren Wunsch, erwerbstätig zu sein, am ehesten realisieren können, auch gleichzeitig die Geburtenrate am höchsten ist. Es spricht einiges dafür, dass in diesen Ländern die Wirtschafts- und Familienpolitik so ausgestaltet wurde, dass Erwerbstätigkeit und Familie weitgehend vereinbar sind. Soll die Geburtenrate in Deutschland wieder erhöht werden, so muss die Vereinbarkeit zwischen Erwerbstätigkeit und Familie zum Schwerpunkt der Familienpolitik gemacht werden.

Suggested Citation

  • Robert Fenge & Wolfgang Ochel, 2001. "Die Vereinbarkeit von Familie und Beruf: der Schlüssel für eine kinderreiche Gesellschaft," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 54(12), pages 17-29, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:54:y:2001:i:12:p:17-29
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Michael F. Förster, 2000. "Trends and Driving Factors in Income Distribution and Poverty in the OECD Area," OECD Labour Market and Social Policy Occasional Papers 42, OECD Publishing.
    2. Martin Werding, 2001. "Familienpolitik für junge Familien : Wirkungen des "Familiengeld"-Konzepts der CDU/CSU-Bundestagsfraktion," ifo Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 3.
    3. Richard Blundell & Alan Duncan & Julian McCrae & Costas Meghir, 2000. "The labour market impact of the working families’ tax credit," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 21(1), pages 75-103, March.
    4. David Blau, 2003. "Child Care Subsidy Programs," NBER Chapters,in: Means-Tested Transfer Programs in the United States, pages 443-516 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Irene Powell & James Cosgrove, 1992. "Quality and Cost in Early Childhood Education," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 27(3), pages 472-484.
    6. David T. Ellwood & Jeffrey B. Liebman, 2001. "The Middle-Class Parent Penalty: Child Benefits in the U.S. Tax Code," NBER Chapters,in: Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 15, pages 1-40 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Susan Rose-Ackerman, 1983. "Unintended consequences: Regulating the quality of subsidized day care," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 3(1), pages 14-30.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Apps, Patricia & Rees, Ray, 2001. "Fertility, Female Labor Supply and Public Policy," IZA Discussion Papers 409, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Wolfgang Meister & Wolfgang Ochel, 2003. "Die steuerliche Förderung von Familien im internationalen Vergleich," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 56(05), pages 65-67, March.
    3. Wolfgang Meister & Wolfgang Ochel, 2003. "Tax Privileges for Families in an International Comparison," ifo DICE Report, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 1(1), pages 42-45, 02.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Deutschland; Familienpolitik; Frauenerwerbstätigkeit;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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