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Trends and Driving Factors in Income Distribution and Poverty in the OECD Area


  • Michael F. Förster


This paper summarises trends and driving factors in income distribution and poverty in 21 OECD Member countries analysing separately the working- and the retirement-age populations. Shifts in relative incomes in the past ten years generally favoured prime-age and elderly age groups. Persons living in multi-adult households have seen their income shares rise somewhat, especially in households without children, or when there are two or more earners present. On the other hand, younger age groups generally lost ground, and relative income levels of single parents and persons in households with no earners tended to weaken further in many countries. There has been no generalised long-term trend in the distribution of disposable household incomes since the mid-1970s. However, during the more recent period (mid-1980s to mid-1990s), income inequality has increased in about half of the OECD countries studied, while none of the remaining countries recorded an unambiguous decrease in ... Ce document résume les tendances et les facteurs d'évolution dans la distribution des revenus et pauvreté dans 21 pays Membres de l'OCDE, en analysant séparément la population d'âge actif et la population à la retraite. Au cours des dix dernières années, l'évolution des revenus relatifs a été, de façon générale, favorable aux groupes des personnes d'âge très actif et des personnes âgées. Les personnes vivant dans des ménages de plusieurs adultes ont vu leurs parts de revenu augmenter quelque peu, en particulier dans les ménages sans enfant et dans les ménages à deux revenus ou plus. En revanche, les groupes d'âge plus jeunes ont perdu du terrain et les niveaux de revenus relatifs des parents isolés et des personnes vivant dans des ménages sans apporteurs de revenus ont eu tendance à s'affaiblir encore. Depuis le milieu des années 70, il n'y a pas eu d'évolution généralisée durable de la distribution du revenu disponible des ménages. Toutefois, sur la période la plus récente ...

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  • Michael F. Förster, 2000. "Trends and Driving Factors in Income Distribution and Poverty in the OECD Area," OECD Labour Market and Social Policy Occasional Papers 42, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:elsaaa:42-en

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    4. Anders Forslund & Alan B. Krueger, 1997. "An Evaluation of the Swedish Active Labor Market Policy: New and Received Wisdom," NBER Chapters,in: The Welfare State in Transition: Reforming the Swedish Model, pages 267-298 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    7. Lawrence F. Katz, 1994. "Active labor market policies to expand employment and opportunity," Proceedings - Economic Policy Symposium - Jackson Hole, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue Jan, pages 239-322.
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