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Technological Choices and Labor Market Participation: Negative Income Tax

Author

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  • Samir Amine

    ()

  • Pedro Santos

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Abstract

In this article, we study the effect of the Negative Income Tax (NIT) on reducing inequalities. Using a matching model with a continuous distribution of worker skills, we show that a NIT reduces inequalities in favor of less qualified workers by making firms less selective and jobs less complex. However, this technological choice decreases the workers’ average productivity and therefore increases the unemployment rate. Copyright Eurasia Business and Economics Society 2013

Suggested Citation

  • Samir Amine & Pedro Santos, 2013. "Technological Choices and Labor Market Participation: Negative Income Tax," Eurasian Economic Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 3(2), pages 98-113, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:eurase:v:3:y:2013:i:2:p:98-113
    DOI: 10.14208/eer.2013.03.02.001
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.14208/eer.2013.03.02.001
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Richard Blundell & Alan Duncan & Julian McCrae & Costas Meghir, 2000. "The labour market impact of the working families’ tax credit," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 21(1), pages 75-103, March.
    2. Nada Eissa & Jeffrey B. Liebman, 1996. "Labor Supply Response to the Earned Income Tax Credit," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 111(2), pages 605-637.
    3. Emmanuel Saez, 2002. "Optimal Income Transfer Programs: Intensive versus Extensive Labor Supply Responses," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 117(3), pages 1039-1073.
    4. Daron Acemoglu, 1998. "Why Do New Technologies Complement Skills? Directed Technical Change and Wage Inequality," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 113(4), pages 1055-1089.
    5. Christopher A. Pissarides, 2000. "Equilibrium Unemployment Theory, 2nd Edition," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262161877, September.
    6. Strand, Jon, 2002. "Wage bargaining and turnover costs with heterogenous labor and perfect history screening," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 46(7), pages 1209-1227, July.
    7. Samir Amine & Pedro Lages Dos Santos, 2010. "Technological choices and unemployment benefits in a matching model with heterogenous workers," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 101(1), pages 1-19, September.
    8. Amine, Samir & Lages Dos Santos, Pedro, 2011. "The influence of labour market institutions on job complexity," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(3), pages 209-220, September.
    9. Isabelle Terraz & Olivier Bargain, 2003. "Évaluation et mise en perspective des effets incitatifs et redistributifs de la Prime pour l’emploi," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 160(4), pages 121-147.
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    Cited by:

    1. Rajul Awasthi & Nihal Bayraktar, 2015. "Can tax simplification help lower tax corruption?," Eurasian Economic Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 5(2), pages 297-330, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Matching; Technological Choice; Negative Income Tax; D63; H21; J41; J64;

    JEL classification:

    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
    • J41 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Labor Contracts
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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