Solidarités familiales par la démonstration
Three theoretical hypotheses can explain the motives behind familial transfers given to the elders�: altruism, exchange, and the demonstration effect theory where adults have to set an example by helping their elders if they want to be helped in turn by their children. This paper focuses on a theoretical model of demonstration transfers where the anticipation of future difficulties increases the provision of ups-tream transfers. Predictions of the model are tested using a cross-sectional survey on private transfers within trigenerational families. Econometric results for time-related upstream transfers are compatible with the demonstration motive. Classification JEL�: D19, D64, J14
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