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Aides aux parents âgés et allocation intra-familiale

  • François-Charles Wolff
  • Mohamed Jellal

[fre] Cet article étudie la façon dont s'organise la prise en charge des parents âgés par leurs enfants et les motivations de ces transferts familiaux des enfants, en prenant en compte les interactions stratégiques entre les parents et leurs différents enfants. Nous étudions un modèle théorique de transferts intergénérationnels fondé sur l'altruisme où les frères et sœurs s'occupent de leurs parents (un bien public) sans recevoir de contrepartie. Les comportements d'aides ascendants sont étudiés à partir des données de l'enquête Cnav Trois Générations 1992. Les résultats économétriques, qui contrôlent l'hétérogénéité individuelle non observable pour les familles par des effets fixes, montrent que les aides non financières aux parents âgés sont surtout fonction de leurs besoins et de la disponibilité des enfants. Les comportements des enfants sont plutôt indépendants les uns des autres : il n'existe pas de compétition positive ou négative au sein des fratries lorsqu'il s'agit de s'occuper de ses vieux parents. [eng] In this paper, we examine how children care for their elderly parents and the motives of these family transfers, accounting for interactions between parents and their different children. We study a theoretical model of intergenerational transfers based on altruism, where siblings care for their parents (a public good). Decisions of upstream assistance are analysed using data from a trigenerational survey. Econometric results, which control for unobserved heterogeneity within familles using fixed effects, show that time-related transfers to elders mainly depend on the parental needs and the children's availability. Transfer behaviors from children are rather independent from each other: there does not exist any positive or negative competition within siblings when caring for elderly.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 53 (2002)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 863-885

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2002_num_53_4_410450
Note: DOI:10.2307/3503172
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/reco

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  1. Robert F. Schoeni, 2000. "Support Networks within the Family As a Public Good Problem," Working Papers 00-06, RAND Corporation Publications Department.
  2. Jellal, Mohamed & Wolff, Francois-Charles, 2002. "Cultural evolutionary altruism: theory and evidence," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 241-262, June.
  3. Maxim Engers & Steven Stern, 2002. "Long-Term Care and Family Bargaining," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 43(1), pages 73-114, February.
  4. Lam, D. & Schoeni, R.F., 1993. "Private Interhousehold Transfers of Money and Time: New Empirical Evidence," Papers 93-26, RAND - Labor and Population Program.
  5. Kathleen McGarry & Robert F. Schoeni, 1995. "Transfer Behavior within the Family: Results from the Asset and Health Dynamics Survey," NBER Working Papers 5099, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Hiedemann, Bridget & Stern, Steven, 1999. "Strategic play among family members when making long-term care decisions," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 29-57, September.
  7. François-Charles Wolff, 2000. "Les transferts versés aux enfants et aux parents : altruisme ou échange intertemporel?," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 142(1), pages 67-91.
  8. Sloan, Frank & Gabriel Picone & Thomas J. Hoerger, 1995. "The Supply of Children's Time to Disabled Elderly Parents," Working Papers 95-46, Duke University, Department of Economics.
  9. Cigno, Alessandro, 1993. "Intergenerational transfers without altruism : Family, market and state," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 505-518, November.
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