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Aides aux parents âgés et allocation intra-familiale

Author

Listed:
  • François-Charles Wolff
  • Mohamed Jellal

Abstract

[eng] In this paper, we examine how children care for their elderly parents and the motives of these family transfers, accounting for interactions between parents and their different children. We study a theoretical model of intergenerational transfers based on altruism, where siblings care for their parents (a public good). Decisions of upstream assistance are analysed using data from a trigenerational survey. Econometric results, which control for unobserved heterogeneity within familles using fixed effects, show that time-related transfers to elders mainly depend on the parental needs and the children's availability. Transfer behaviors from children are rather independent from each other: there does not exist any positive or negative competition within siblings when caring for elderly. [fre] Cet article étudie la façon dont s'organise la prise en charge des parents âgés par leurs enfants et les motivations de ces transferts familiaux des enfants, en prenant en compte les interactions stratégiques entre les parents et leurs différents enfants. Nous étudions un modèle théorique de transferts intergénérationnels fondé sur l'altruisme où les frères et sœurs s'occupent de leurs parents (un bien public) sans recevoir de contrepartie. Les comportements d'aides ascendants sont étudiés à partir des données de l'enquête Cnav Trois Générations 1992. Les résultats économétriques, qui contrôlent l'hétérogénéité individuelle non observable pour les familles par des effets fixes, montrent que les aides non financières aux parents âgés sont surtout fonction de leurs besoins et de la disponibilité des enfants. Les comportements des enfants sont plutôt indépendants les uns des autres : il n'existe pas de compétition positive ou négative au sein des fratries lorsqu'il s'agit de s'occuper de ses vieux parents.

Suggested Citation

  • François-Charles Wolff & Mohamed Jellal, 2002. "Aides aux parents âgés et allocation intra-familiale," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 53(4), pages 863-885.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2002_num_53_4_410450
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2002.410450
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Schoeni, Robert F, 1997. "Private Interhousehold Transfers of Money and Time: New Empirical Evidence," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 43(4), pages 423-448, December.
    2. McGarry, K. & Schoeni, R.F., 1995. "Transfer Behavior With the Family: Results from the Asset and Health Dynamics Survey," Papers 95-09, RAND - Labor and Population Program.
    3. Schoeni, R.F., 2000. "Support Networks within the Family As a Public Good Problem," Papers 00-06, RAND - Labor and Population Program.
    4. Ehrlich, Isaac & Lui, Francis T, 1991. "Intergenerational Trade, Longevity, and Economic Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(5), pages 1029-1059, October.
    5. Cigno, Alessandro, 1993. "Intergenerational transfers without altruism : Family, market and state," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 505-518, November.
    6. Hiedemann, Bridget & Stern, Steven, 1999. "Strategic play among family members when making long-term care decisions," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 29-57, September.
    7. Maxim Engers & Steven Stern, 2002. "Long-Term Care and Family Bargaining," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 43(1), pages 73-114, February.
    8. François-Charles Wolff, 2000. "Les transferts versés aux enfants et aux parents : altruisme ou échange intertemporel?," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 142(1), pages 67-91.
    9. Jellal, Mohamed & Wolff, Francois-Charles, 2002. "Cultural evolutionary altruism: theory and evidence," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 241-262, June.
    10. Sloan, Frank A & Picone, Gabriel & Hoerger, Thomas J, 1997. "The Supply of Children's Time to Disabled Elderly Parents," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 35(2), pages 295-308, April.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Quitterie Roquebert & Roméo Fontaine & Agnès Gramain, 2016. "L'aide à un parent âgé, seul et dépendant : déterminants structurels et interactions," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 16030, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
    2. Mohamed Jellal & François-Charles Wolff, 2005. "Dynamique des transferts intergénérationnels et effet de démonstration," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 77, pages 81-107.
    3. repec:dau:papers:123456789/13781 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:dau:papers:123456789/1801 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Stéphane Mechoulan & François-Charles Wolff, 2015. "Intra-household allocation of family resources and birth order: evidence from France using siblings data," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 28(4), pages 937-964, October.
    6. Roméo Fontaine & Agnès Gramain & Jérôme Wittwer, 2007. "Les configurations d'aide familiales mobilisées autour des personnes âgées dépendantes en Europe," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 403(1), pages 97-115.
    7. repec:dau:papers:123456789/1879 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Quitterie Roquebert & Roméo Fontaine & Agnès Gramain, 2016. "L'aide à un parent âgé, seul et dépendant : déterminants structurels et interactions," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-01316903, HAL.
    9. repec:hal:journl:halshs-01316903 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Roméo Fontaine & Agnès Gramain & Jérôme Wittwer, 2007. "Les configurations d'aide familiales mobilisées autour des personnes âgées dépendantes en Europe," Post-Print hal-01391611, HAL.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D1 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior
    • D64 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Altruism; Philanthropy; Intergenerational Transfers
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination

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