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Are people from Brussels and walloons more optimistic about their health?

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  • Guido Citoni

Abstract

Using the data collected for 2004 in the Belgian Health Survey, we aim to show that, after examining all the elements used in determining a self-reported state of health, geographic location bears considerably on the results of self-assessed health, namely a more favourable scoring was registered for individuals that are resident both in the region of Brussels and in the region of Wallonia, with respect to a more negative outlook for individuals that are resident in Flanders. Regional effects do not change, however, even when taking into account the supplying of health services or when controlling their utilization. Moreover, the estimate also considered the adaptation behaviour, represented by health transition and these results still hold true. The above findings can be used both to construct “equivalent expected QALY’s or EEQ”, i.e. the average quality adjusted life years that a newborn, taking account of the different average level of health at the regional level, can expect to live in the different geographical areas of Belgium (the three regions have approximately the same EEQ), and to predict a “need factor” to be used either for equity analysis or to ascertain its development in time.

Suggested Citation

  • Guido Citoni, 2006. "Are people from Brussels and walloons more optimistic about their health?," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 49(4), pages 311-332.
  • Handle: RePEc:bxr:bxrceb:y:2006:v:49:i:4:p:311-332
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    File URL: https://dipot.ulb.ac.be/dspace/bitstream/2013/13236/1/ber-1114.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Oswald, Andrew J. & Powdthavee, Nattavudh, 2008. "Does happiness adapt? A longitudinal study of disability with implications for economists and judges," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, pages 1061-1077.
    2. Oswald, Andrew J. & Powdthavee, Nattavudh, 2008. "Does happiness adapt? A longitudinal study of disability with implications for economists and judges," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, pages 1061-1077.
    3. Brazier, John & Roberts, Jennifer & Deverill, Mark, 2002. "The estimation of a preference-based measure of health from the SF-36," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 271-292, March.
    4. Ai, Chunrong & Norton, Edward C., 2003. "Interaction terms in logit and probit models," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 80(1), pages 123-129, July.
    5. Guido Citoni, 2007. "Are Bruxellois and Walloons more optimistic about their health?," DULBEA Working Papers 07-01.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Self-assessed health; Quality of life; QALY's; Regions of Belgium; Health Survey; Ordered Probit;

    JEL classification:

    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I19 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Other

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