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Some Unintended Consequences of TRQ Liberalization


  • Gervais Jean-Philippe

    (Laval University, Canada)

  • Rude James I

    (University of Manitoba, Canada)


This paper analyzes the impacts of trade liberalization in a non-integrated industry where a marketing agency controls the supply of a necessary input in the production of a processed commodity. Trade of the processed good is restricted through a Tariff-Rate Quota (TRQ) and domestic processors operate in an imperfectly competitive industry. Under a fixed proportions technology, an increase in the minimum access commitment of the TRQ will generally lower the domestic retail price to consumers if the marketing agency is a profit-maximizing monopolist. Conversely, if the marketing agency pursues some specific non-economic objectives, it is shown that increases in the minimum access commitment holding the tariff rates constant can lead to higher retail prices and thus negate the benefits of trade liberalization for consumers.

Suggested Citation

  • Gervais Jean-Philippe & Rude James I, 2003. "Some Unintended Consequences of TRQ Liberalization," Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization, De Gruyter, vol. 1(1), pages 1-18, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:bjafio:v:1:y:2003:i:1:n:13

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Abbott, Philip C. & Paarlberg, Philip L., 1998. "Tariff rate quotas: structural and stability impacts in growing markets," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 19(3), pages 257-267, December.
    2. Abbott, Philip C. & Paarlberg, Philip L., 1998. "Tariff rate quotas: structural and stability impacts in growing markets," Agricultural Economics of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 19(3), December.
    3. Diao, Xinshen & Elbehri, Aziz & Gehlhar, Mark J. & Gibson, Paul R. & Leetmaa, Susan E. & Mitchell, Lorraine & Nelson, Frederick J. & Nimon, R. Wesley & Normile, Mary Anne & Roe, Terry L. & Shapouri, S, 2001. "Agricultural Policy Reform In The Wto: The Road Ahead," Agricultural Economics Reports 34015, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    4. Greaney, Theresa M., 1996. "Import now! An analysis of market-share voluntary import expansions (VIEs)," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(1-2), pages 149-163, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. Gervais, Jean-Philippe & Larue, Bruno & Hobbs, Jill E. & Kerr, William A. & Gray, Richard S., 2006. "A Qualitative Assessment of the Benefits and Costs of On-Farm Food Safety and Environmental Farm Plans in the Dairy Sector," Economic and Market Information 55301, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.

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