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Embeddedness Of Entrepreneurs In Rural Areas: A Comparative Rough Set Data Analysis

  • ALIYE AHU AKGÜN
  • PETER NIJKAMP
  • TÜZIN BAYCAN
  • MARTIJN BRONS

This study aims to identify the critical factor(s) that determine the embeddedness level (EL) of rural entrepreneurs. In order to achieve this aim, existing applied studies on the embeddedness of entrepreneurs undertaken in different rural areas were systematically collected to create a database in order to provide the material for a systematic comparative analysis. This was done in order to highlight common and contrasting findings from a set of selected studies for different ELs. As many results of these studies were largely qualitative in nature and only partially comparable, a specific tool for analysing categorical data based on artificial intelligence methods, namely, rough set data analysis (RSDA), was employed. This experimental study is the first RSDA approach that compares the results of several rural case studies and infers general induction rules for the different ELs. The results of our analysis show that using and benefiting from local resources are the key factors that explain how entrepreneurs become embedded in rural areas.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/j.1467-9663.2010.00630.x
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Article provided by Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG in its journal Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie.

Volume (Year): 101 (2010)
Issue (Month): 5 (December)
Pages: 538-553

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Handle: RePEc:bla:tvecsg:v:101:y:2010:i:5:p:538-553
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  1. Christos Kalantaridis & Zografia Bika, 2006. "Local embeddedness and rural entrepreneurship: case-study evidence from Cumbria, England," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 38(8), pages 1561-1579, August.
  2. Jack, Sarah L. & Anderson, Alistair R., 2002. "The effects of embeddedness on the entrepreneurial process," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 17(5), pages 467-487, September.
  3. Christos Kalantaridis & Zografia Bika, 2006. "In-migrant entrepreneurship in rural England: beyond local embeddedness," Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(2), pages 109-131, March.
  4. Alistair R. Anderson, 2000. "Paradox in the periphery: an entrepreneurial reconstruction?," Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(2), pages 91-109, April.
  5. Robert Kloosterman, 1999. "Mixed Embeddedness: (In)formal Economic Activities and Immigrant Businesses in the Netherlands," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 23(2), pages 252-266, 06.
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