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Optimal Monetary Policy with Vertical Production and Trade


  • Kang Shi
  • Juanyi Xu


This paper explores the optimal monetary policy response to domestic and foreign technology shocks in an open economy with vertical structure of production and trade. We find that any stage-specific productivity shock in one country may have a transborder spillover effect on the other country via the vertical trade. So when choosing optimal monetary rules, each monetary authority should respond to both home and foreign productivity shocks. Also, the flexible exchange rate cannot replicate the flexible price equilibrium, even under producer currency pricing, due to price stickiness in multiple stages. We also find that the existence of a transborder spillover effect depends on the currencies of price setting. Finally, vertical trade may affect the value of exchange rate flexibility under PCP and LCP setting. Copyright © 2007 The Authors; Journal compilation © 2007 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Kang Shi & Juanyi Xu, 2007. "Optimal Monetary Policy with Vertical Production and Trade," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 15(3), pages 514-537, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:reviec:v:15:y:2007:i:3:p:514-537

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sutherland, Alan, 2002. "A Simple Second-Order Solution Method For Dynamic General Equilibrium Models," CEPR Discussion Papers 3554, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Alan Sutherland, 2002. "International monetary policy coordination and financial market integration," International Finance Discussion Papers 751, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    3. Pierpaolo Benigno, 2009. "Price Stability with Imperfect Financial Integration," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 41(s1), pages 121-149, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. Eyquem, Aurélien & Kamber, Güneş, 2014. "A Note On The Business Cycle Implications Of Trade In Intermediate Goods," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 18(05), pages 1172-1186, July.
    2. Aurélien Eyquem & Günes Kamber, 2009. "Macroeconomic Volatility and Exchange Rate Pass-through under Internationalized Production," Working Papers 0915, Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique Lyon St-Étienne (GATE Lyon St-Étienne), Université de Lyon.
    3. Chan Wang & Heng-fu Zou, 2015. "Optimal Monetary Policy Under a Global Dollar Standard: The Effect of Vertical Trade and Production," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 26(1), pages 121-137, February.
    4. Chu, Hsiao-Lei, 2012. "Monetary policy of a small open economy in the world production chain," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(6), pages 2751-2755.
    5. Wolfram Berger, 2010. "International Policy Coordination and Simple Monetary Policy Rules," Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics (SJES), Swiss Society of Economics and Statistics (SSES), vol. 146(II), pages 451-479, June.
    6. Kang Shi & Juanyi Xu, 2008. "The Optimal Currency Basket with Input Currency and Output Currency," Working Papers 172008, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.
    7. Xu, Juanyi, 2011. "The optimal currency basket under vertical trade," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(7), pages 1323-1340.
    8. Gong, Liutang & Wang, Chan & Zou, Heng-fu, 2016. "Optimal monetary policy with international trade in intermediate inputs," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 140-165.
    9. Dohwa, Kohjiro, 2015. "Optimal monetary policy in an economy with vertical production and trade: An analysis based on the perspective of local currency pricing," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 11-20.
    10. Liutang Gong & Chan Wang & Heng-fu Zou, 2017. "Optimal Exchange-Rate Policy in a Model of Local-Currency Pricing with Vertical Production and Trade," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 28(1), pages 125-147, February.
    11. Ke Pang & Yao Tang, 2014. "Vertical Trade, Exchange Rate Pass-Through, and the Exchange Rate Regime," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 25(3), pages 477-520, July.
    12. Chan Wang & Heng-fu Zou, 2013. "Optimal monetary policy in open economies: the role of reference currency in vertical production and trade," CEMA Working Papers 586, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.

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