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Proximity across the distant worlds of university–industry collaborations

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  • Utku Ali Rıza Alpaydın
  • Rune Dahl Fitjar

Abstract

This paper examines the extent to which firms perceive different dimensions of proximity to be important for the formation of their interactions with universities. Furthermore, it investigates whether the importance of the different types of proximities varies depending on the type of interaction—be it about knowledge exploration, knowledge exploitation, competence enhancement, advice‐seeking or marketing. Using data from a survey of 1,200 Norwegian firms, we find that most managers believe cognitive, institutional, social and geographical proximity were important for their decision to collaborate with university partners and that the importance of proximity types varies depending on the contents of the interaction. Este artículo estudia en qué medida las empresas perciben la importancia de las diferentes dimensiones de la proximidad para la formación de interacciones con universidades. Además, se investiga si la importancia de los distintos tipos de proximidades varía en función del tipo de interacción, ya sea de exploración de conocimientos, de explotación de conocimientos, de mejora de la competencia, de búsqueda de asesoramiento o de comercialización. A partir de los datos de una encuesta realizada a 1.200 empresas noruegas, se pudo descubrir que la mayoría del personal gerente cree que la proximidad cognitiva, institucional, social y geográfica fueron importantes para su decisión de colaborar con sus socios de universidades y que la importancia de los tipos de proximidad varía en función del contenido de la interacción. 本稿では、企業が、大学とのインタラクションを形成するのに異なる近接性の次元が重要であると認める程度を検討する。さらに、タイプが異なる近接性の重要度は、知識探索、知識の搾取、能力強化、アドバイスの希求、またはマーケティングなど、インタラクションのタイプによって変わるのかどうかも検討する。ノルウェーの1,200の企業の調査から得たデータから、経営者のほとんどが認知的、制度的、社会的および地理的近接性が大学との共同活動を実施する意思決定に重要であると考えていること、および近接性の重要性はインタラクションの内容によって異なることが示された。

Suggested Citation

  • Utku Ali Rıza Alpaydın & Rune Dahl Fitjar, 2021. "Proximity across the distant worlds of university–industry collaborations," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 100(3), pages 689-711, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:presci:v:100:y:2021:i:3:p:689-711
    DOI: 10.1111/pirs.12586
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    2. Svennevik Elisabeth M. C. & Saidi Trust, 2022. "Social innovation-as-practice: establishing a social innovation program at a university," Management & Marketing, Sciendo, vol. 17(s1), pages 402-425, October.
    3. Albats, Ekaterina & Alexander, Allen T. & Cunningham, James A., 2022. "Traditional, virtual, and digital intermediaries in university-industry collaboration: exploring institutional logics and bounded rationality," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 177(C).
    4. Giovanni Abramo & Francesca Apponi & Ciriaco Andrea D’Angelo, 2022. "The geographic proximity effect on domestic cross-sector vis-à-vis intra-sector research collaborations," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 127(6), pages 3505-3521, June.
    5. Lei Ye & Ting Zhang & Xianzhong Cao & Senlin Hu & Gang Zeng, 2024. "Mapping the landscape of university technology flows in China using patent assignment data," Palgrave Communications, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 11(1), pages 1-13, December.

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