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The Gender Earnings Gap for US Physicians: Has Equality been Achieved?


  • David J . Bashaw
  • John S . Heywood


Recent work examining a constructed hourly wage measure indicates gender earnings equality among US physicians. Yet, physicians are not typically paid by the hour and the constructed measure fails to capture the true influence of hours worked and presents a fallacy of composition. When the earnings specification replaces the constructed wage measure with annual earnings or is modified to properly include hours worked, earnings equality vanishes and large gender differentials reappear. Copyright Fondazione Giacomo Brodolini and Blackwell Publishers Ltd 2001.

Suggested Citation

  • David J . Bashaw & John S . Heywood, 2001. "The Gender Earnings Gap for US Physicians: Has Equality been Achieved?," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 15(3), pages 371-391, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:labour:v:15:y:2001:i:3:p:371-391

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Gravelle, Hugh & Hole, Arne Risa & Santos, Rita, 2011. "Measuring and testing for gender discrimination in physician pay: English family doctors," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(4), pages 660-674, July.
    2. Esteves-Sorenson, Constança & Snyder, Jason, 2012. "The gender earnings gap for physicians and its increase over time," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 116(1), pages 37-41.
    3. Schurer, Stefanie & Kühnle, Daniel & Scott, Anthony & Cheng, Terence Chai, 2012. "One Man's Blessing, Another Woman's Curse? Family Factors and the Gender-Earnings Gap of Doctors," IZA Discussion Papers 7017, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Wang, Chao & Sweetman, Arthur, 2013. "Gender, family status and physician labour supply," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 17-25.
    5. H Gravelle & A Risa Hole, 2008. "Measuring and testing for gender discrimination in professions: the case of English family doctors," Discussion Papers 08/27, Department of Economics, University of York.
    6. Rizzo, John A. & Zeckhauser, Richard J., 2007. "Pushing incomes to reference points: Why do male doctors earn more?," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 63(3), pages 514-536, July.
    7. repec:dau:papers:123456789/11717 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. James Ted McDonald & Casey Warman & Christopher Worswick, 2015. "Immigrant Selection Systems and Occupational Outcomes of International Medical Graduates in Canada and the United States," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 41(s1), pages 116-137, August.

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