Executive Compensation, Strategic Competition, and Relative Performance Evaluation: Theory and Evidence
We examine compensation contracts for managers in imperfectly competitive product markets. We show that strategic interactions among firms can explain the lack of relative performance-based incentives in which compensation decreases with rival firm performance. The need to soften product market competition generates an optimal compensation contract that places a positive weight on both own and rival performance. Firms in more competitive industries place greater weight on rival firm performance relative to own firm performance. We find empirical evidence of a positive sensitivity of compensation to rival firm performance that is increasing in the degree of competition in the industry. Copyright The American Finance Association 1999.
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Volume (Year): 54 (1999)
Issue (Month): 6 (December)
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