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Trade Liberalization and Environmental Regulation on International Transportation

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  • Kenzo Abe
  • Keisuke Hattori
  • Yoshitaka Kawagoshi

Abstract

type="main"> Incorporating pollution emissions from international transportation into a model of strategic trade and environmental policies, we investigate the effect of trade liberalization and environmental regulation on national welfare and the environment. Our model includes imperfectly competitive markets for international transportation and final products. We find that trade liberalization may reduce each country's welfare unless some level of environmental regulation on international transportation is in place. When international trade is liberalized initially, a mutual increase in the common emission tax rates may improve each country's welfare. However, when international trade is highly protected initially, imposing an emission tax may reduce welfare.

Suggested Citation

  • Kenzo Abe & Keisuke Hattori & Yoshitaka Kawagoshi, 2014. "Trade Liberalization and Environmental Regulation on International Transportation," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 65(4), pages 468-482, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jecrev:v:65:y:2014:i:4:p:468-482
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/jere.12044
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    Cited by:

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    2. Ishikawa, Jota & Tarui, Nori, 2018. "Backfiring with backhaul problems," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 111(C), pages 81-98.
    3. Takauchi, Kazuhiro & Mizuno, Tomomichi, 2019. "Solving a hold-up problem may harm all firms: Downstream R&D and transport-price contracts," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 29-49.
    4. Kanehara, Daishoku & Kamei, Keita, 2019. "Transport Price, Product Differentiation and R&D in an Oligopoly," MPRA Paper 93148, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. ISHIKAWA, Jota & TARUI, Nori, 2015. "Backfiring with backhaul problems: Trade and Industrial Policies with Endogenous Transport Costs," Discussion paper series HIAS-E-12, Hitotsubashi Institute for Advanced Study, Hitotsubashi University.
    6. Takauchi, Kazuhiro & Mizuno, Tomomichi, 2020. "Endogenous transport price, R&D spillovers, and trade," MPRA Paper 102391, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Takauchi, Kazuhiro, 2016. "Profit-reducing fixed-price contract: The role of the transport sector," MPRA Paper 71413, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Cheng Haitao & Kato Hayato & Obashi Ayako, 2021. "Is Environmental Tax Harmonization Desirable in Global Value Chains?," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 21(1), pages 379-416, January.
    9. Takauchi, Kazuhiro, 2015. "Transport efficiency, downstream R&D, and spillovers," MPRA Paper 68479, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Hamaguchi, Yoshihiro, 2021. "Does the trade of aviation emission permits lead to tourism-led growth and sustainable tourism?," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 105(C), pages 181-192.
    11. Feng Pian & Lili Xu & Yuyan Chen & Sang-Ho Lee, 2020. "Global Emission Taxes and Port Privatization Policies under International Competition," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(16), pages 1-25, August.
    12. Kazuhiro Takauchi & Tomomichi Mizuno, 2019. "Is competition in the transport industry bad?A welfare analysis of R&D with inter-regional transportation," Discussion Papers 1910, Graduate School of Economics, Kobe University.

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