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Welfare‐ and Revenue‐Enhancing Tariff and Tax Reform under Imperfect Competition

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  • TAKUMI NAITO
  • KENZO ABE

Abstract

We examine welfare and revenue effects of tariff and tax reform in a country importing final and intermediate goods, both of which are produced under imperfect competition. We consider two reform strategies. First, lower the sum of a consumption tax and a tariff on the intermediate good, and leave the sum of the consumption tax and a tariff on the final good unchanged. Second, lower the former and change the latter to leave government revenue unchanged. We specify conditions under which each reform strategy raises welfare without decreasing government revenue.

Suggested Citation

  • Takumi Naito & Kenzo Abe, 2008. "Welfare‐ and Revenue‐Enhancing Tariff and Tax Reform under Imperfect Competition," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 10(6), pages 1085-1094, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jpbect:v:10:y:2008:i:6:p:1085-1094
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9779.2008.00397.x
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    Cited by:

    1. Kenji Fujiwara, 2014. "Tax Principles and Coordination of Trade and Domestic Policies Under Imperfect Competition," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(1-2), pages 29-40, June.
    2. Shim, Kieun & Jung, Yonghun, 2012. "Trade liberalization and tax reform strategies: The case of the Korean oil industry," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 686-691.
    3. Kenji Fujiwara, 2016. "Tax Principles and Tariff-Tax Reforms under International Oligopoly," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 18(1), pages 84-98, February.
    4. Michael S. Michael & Sajal Lahiri & Panos Hatzipanayotou, 2015. "Piecemeal Reform of Domestic Indirect Taxes toward Uniformity in the Presence of Pollution: with and without a Revenue Constraint," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 17(2), pages 174-195, April.
    5. Masayuki Okawa & Tatsuya Iguchi, 2016. "Welfare-improving Coordinated Tariff and Sales Tax Reforms under Imperfect Competition," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 20(2), pages 475-487, May.
    6. Panos Hatzipanayotou & Sajal Lahiri & Michael Michael, 2011. "Trade and domestic tax reforms in the presence of a public good and different neutrality conditions," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 18(3), pages 273-290, June.
    7. Kenji Fujiwara & Ryoma Kitamura, 2012. "A Tariff-Tax Reform under Oligopoly and Free Entry," Discussion Paper Series 88, School of Economics, Kwansei Gakuin University, revised Apr 2012.
    8. Kenji Fujiwara, 2013. "A Win–Win–Win Tariff–Tax Reform under Imperfect Competition," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(5), pages 857-867, November.
    9. Kenji Fujiwara, 2015. "Tax Principles and Tariff-Tax Reforms," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 71(3), pages 360-370, September.
    10. Tchoffo, Rodrigue & Ngouhouo, Ibrahim & Nkemgha, Guivis, 2020. "Trade Liberalization and Macroeconomic Performance in Cameroon: An Imperfect Competition Approach," MPRA Paper 98558, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 09 Feb 2020.
    11. Michael Michael & Panos Hatzipanayotou, 2013. "Pollution and reforms of domestic and trade taxes towards uniformity," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 20(5), pages 753-768, October.
    12. Ourania Karakosta & Nikos Tsakiris, 2014. "Can tariff and tax reforms deliver welfare improvements under imperfect competition?," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(3), pages 315-328, April.
    13. Amèvi Rocard Kouwoaye, 2019. "Trade tax reforms and poverty in developing countries: Why do some countries benefit and others lose?," WIDER Working Paper Series wp-2019-66, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    14. Kenzo Abe & Keisuke Hattori & Yoshitaka Kawagoshi, 2014. "Trade Liberalization and Environmental Regulation on International Transportation," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 65(4), pages 468-482, December.
    15. Kieun Shim & Kyonghwa Jeong, 2016. "Revenue-enhancing Trade Liberalization in a Differentiated Duopoly," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 20(2), pages 561-573, May.

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