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A Tariff-Tax Reform under Oligopoly and Free Entry

Author

Listed:
  • Kenji Fujiwara

    () (School of Economics, Kwansei Gakuin University)

  • Ryoma Kitamura

    (Graduate School of Economics, Kwansei Gakuin University)

Abstract

Constructing a model of oligopoly with free entry, this paper examines the effects of a tariff reduction accompanied with a unit of consumption tax increase on welfare, government revenue, and market access. We show that the suggested policy reform reduces welfare while enhancing government revenue and market access by inducing further excess entry. Some implications of this finding are discussed in comparison with the case with a fixed number of firms, which involves a welfare loss and an ambiguous effect on government revenue and market access.

Suggested Citation

  • Kenji Fujiwara & Ryoma Kitamura, 2012. "A Tariff-Tax Reform under Oligopoly and Free Entry," Discussion Paper Series 88, School of Economics, Kwansei Gakuin University, revised Apr 2012.
  • Handle: RePEc:kgu:wpaper:88
    as

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    File URL: http://192.218.163.163/RePEc/pdf/kgdp88.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2012
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Kotaro Suzumura & Kazuharu Kiyono, 1987. "Entry Barriers and Economic Welfare," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 54(1), pages 157-167.
    2. Hatzipanayotou, Panos & Michael, Michael S. & Miller, Stephen M., 1994. "Win-win indirect tax reform : A modest proposal," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 44(1-2), pages 147-151.
    3. Kreickemeier, Udo & Raimondos-Møller, Pascalis, 2008. "Tari[ff]-tax reforms and market access," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 85-91, August.
    4. Michael O. Moore & Maurizio Zanardi, 2010. "Does Trade Liberalization Affect the Composition of Government Spending in Developing Nations?," Working Papers ECARES 2010_013, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    5. Takumi Naito & Kenzo Abe, 2008. "Welfare- and Revenue-Enhancing Tariff and Tax Reform under Imperfect Competition," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 10(6), pages 1085-1094, December.
    6. Keen, Michael & Ligthart, Jenny E., 2002. "Coordinating tariff reduction and domestic tax reform," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(2), pages 489-507, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    tariff-tax reform; oligopoly; free entry; welfare; government revenue; market access.;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations

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