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Transportation, freight rates, and economic geography

  • Kristian Behrens

    ()

    (Canada Research Chair, Department of Economics, Universite du Quebec a Montreal (uqam))

  • Pierre M. Picard

    ()

    (crea, Universite du Luxembourg, Luxembourg; and core, Universite catholique de Louvain, Belgium)

We investigate the role of competitive transport markets in shaping the location of economic activity and the pattern of trade. In our model, carriers supply transport services for shipping man- ufactured goods, and freight rates are set to clear transport markets. Each carrier must commit to the maximum capacity for a round-trip and thus faces a logistics problem as there are opportunity costs of returning empty. These costs increase the freight rates charged to firms located in regions that are net exporters of manufactured goods. Since demand for transport services depends on the spatial distribution of economic activity, the concentration of production in one region raises freight rates to serve foreign markets from there, thus working against specialization and the agglomera- tion of firms. Consequently, a more even spatial distribution of firms and production prevails at equilibrium when freight rates are endogenously determined than when they are assumed to be exogenous as in the literature.

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Paper provided by Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg in its series CREA Discussion Paper Series with number 11-02.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:luc:wpaper:11-02
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