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Underlying Demand for Licensed Childcare Services in Urban Japan


  • Yanfei Zhou
  • Akiko Oishi


There is growing concern regarding the problem of children waiting for licensed daycare services in Japan's metropolitan areas. In addition to the large number of children on the publicly announced waiting lists, there is an even larger group of underlying demanders, who would otherwise choose to apply for licensed childcare services if the waiting lists were not so long. The present paper attempts to use the contingent valuation method to estimate the underlying demand for licensed childcare services in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area. As a result, we find that the underlying waiting rate for licensed childcare services is much higher than the publicly announced waiting rate; that the shortage of service supply for children aged below 1 year old is especially prominent; and, that the total number of children (age ≤ 3) in the status of underlying demand even exceed the present enrolment considerably. Copyright 2005 East Asian Economic Association..

Suggested Citation

  • Yanfei Zhou & Akiko Oishi, 2005. "Underlying Demand for Licensed Childcare Services in Urban Japan ," Asian Economic Journal, East Asian Economic Association, vol. 19(1), pages 103-119, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:asiaec:v:19:y:2005:i:1:p:103-119

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    1. repec:kap:reveho:v:17:y:2019:i:1:d:10.1007_s11150-017-9394-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Lee, Grace H.Y. & Lee, Sing Ping, 2014. "Childcare availability, fertility and female labor force participation in Japan," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 71-85.
    3. Nishitateno, Shuhei & Shikata, Masato, 2017. "Has improved daycare accessibility increased Japan's maternal employment rate? Municipal evidence from 2000–2010," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 67-77.
    4. Fukai, Taiyo, 2017. "Childcare availability and fertility: Evidence from municipalities in Japan," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 1-18.

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