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The Effect of Latvian Pension Reform on Savings and Government Budget

Author

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  • Konstantins Benkovskis

    () (Bank of Latvia)

Abstract

This paper deals with pension reform’s effect on Latvian savings. We are studying the reaction of total savings and their components on change in the fully funded pillar’s share in the total pension system and on increase of the retirement age using overlapping generations model with many generations. The paper describes both the long-term and the short-term theoretical consequences of the changes in pension legislation. Finally, we evaluate the effect of Latvian pension reform on private savings, fully funded savings and government budget balance over the next 10 years. Model’s simulations show that the increase of the retirement age improves budget balance and total savings, while the introduction of the fully funded pensions redistributes the tax payments from the social budget to fully funded savings.

Suggested Citation

  • Konstantins Benkovskis, 2006. "The Effect of Latvian Pension Reform on Savings and Government Budget," Baltic Journal of Economics, Baltic International Centre for Economic Policy Studies, vol. 6(1), pages 3-21, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:bic:journl:v:6:y:2006:i:1:p:3-21
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    File URL: http://biceps.org/assets/docs/bje/spring_summer_2006.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Blanchard, Olivier Jean & Quah, Danny, 1989. "The Dynamic Effects of Aggregate Demand and Supply Disturbances," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(4), pages 655-673, September.
    2. Zsolt Darvas & György Szapáry, 2008. "Business Cycle Synchronization in the Enlarged EU," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 19(1), pages 1-19, February.
    3. Michael Artis & Massimiliano Marcellino & Tommaso Proietti, 2004. "Characterising the Business Cycle for Accession Countries," Working Papers 261, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
    4. Tamim Bayoumi & Barry Eichengreen, 1992. "Shocking Aspects of European Monetary Unification," NBER Working Papers 3949, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Bayoumi, Tamim & Eichengreen, Barry, 1992. "Shocking Aspects of Monetary Unification," Department of Economics, Working Paper Series qt791143kp, Department of Economics, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley.
    6. Peter Backé & Christian Thimann & Olga Arratibel & Oscar Calvo-Gonzalez & Arnaud Mehl & Carolin Nerlich, 2004. "The acceding countries’ strategies towards ERM II and the adoption of the euro - an analytical review," Occasional Paper Series 10, European Central Bank.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Du Cai Cai & Muysken Joan & Sleijpen Olaf, 2010. "Economy wide risk diversification in a three-pillar pension system," Research Memorandum 055, Maastricht University, Maastricht Research School of Economics of Technology and Organization (METEOR).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Pension reform; overlapping generations model; savings;

    JEL classification:

    • D91 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Role and Effects of Psychological, Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Factors on Decision Making
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions

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