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Testing for Shifts in Trend With an Integrated or Stationary Noise Component

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  • Perron, Pierre
  • Yabu, Tomoyoshi

Abstract

This paper considers the problem of testing for structural changes in the trend function of a univariate time series without any prior knowledge as to whether the noise component is stationary or contains an autoregressive unit root. We propose a new approach that builds on the work of Perron and Yabu (2005), based on a Feasible Quasi Generalized Least Squares procedure that uses a superefficient estimate of the sum of autoregressive parameters á when á = 1. In the case of a known break date, the resulting Wald test has a chi- square limit distribution in both the I(0) and I(1) cases. When the break date is unknown, the Exp function of Andrews and Ploberger (1994) yields a test with identical limit distributions in the two cases so that a testing procedure with nearly the same size in the I(0) and I(1) cases can be obtained. To improve the finite sample properties of the tests, we used the bias corrected version of the OLS estimate of á proposed by Roy and Fuller (2001). We show our procedure to be substantially more powerful then currently available alternatives and also to have a power function that is close to that attainable if we knew the true value of á in many cases. The extension to the case of multiple breaks is also discussed.
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Suggested Citation

  • Perron, Pierre & Yabu, Tomoyoshi, 2009. "Testing for Shifts in Trend With an Integrated or Stationary Noise Component," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 27(3), pages 369-396.
  • Handle: RePEc:bes:jnlbes:v:27:i:3:y:2009:p:369-396
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Tatsuma Wada & Pierre Perron, 2005. "Trend and Cycles: A New Approach and Explanations of Some Old Puzzles," Computing in Economics and Finance 2005 252, Society for Computational Economics.
    2. Andrews, Donald W K & Ploberger, Werner, 1994. "Optimal Tests When a Nuisance Parameter Is Present Only under the Alternative," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 62(6), pages 1383-1414, November.
    3. Perron, Pierre & Zhu, Xiaokang, 2005. "Structural breaks with deterministic and stochastic trends," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 129(1-2), pages 65-119.
    4. Perron, Pierre & Yabu, Tomoyoshi, 2009. "Estimating deterministic trends with an integrated or stationary noise component," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 151(1), pages 56-69, July.
    5. Zivot, Eric & Andrews, Donald W K, 2002. "Further Evidence on the Great Crash, the Oil-Price Shock, and the Unit-Root Hypothesis," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 20(1), pages 25-44, January.
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    7. Vogelsang, Timothy J & Perron, Pierre, 1998. "Additional Tests for a Unit Root Allowing for a Break in the Trend Function at an Unknown Time," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 39(4), pages 1073-1100, November.
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    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes

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