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A Comparison Of The Var Model And The Pc Factor Model In Forecasting Inflation In Montenegro


  • Milena Lipovina-Božović


Montenegro started using the euro in 2002 and regained independence in 2006. Its main economic partners are European countries, yet inflation movements in Montenegro do not coincide with consumer price fluctuations in the eurozone. Trying to develop a useful forecasting model for Montenegrin inflation, we compare the results of a three-variable vector autoregression (VAR) model, and a principle component (PC) factor model starting with twelve variables. The estimation period is January 2001 to December 2012, and the control months are the first six months of 2013. The results show that in forecasting inflation, despite a high level of Montenegrin economic dependence on international developments, more reliable forecasts are achieved with the use of additional information on a larger number of factors, which includes domestic economic activity.

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  • Milena Lipovina-Božović, 2013. "A Comparison Of The Var Model And The Pc Factor Model In Forecasting Inflation In Montenegro," Economic Annals, Faculty of Economics, University of Belgrade, vol. 58(198), pages 115-136, July - Se.
  • Handle: RePEc:beo:journl:v:58:y:2013:i:198:p:115-136

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    Inflation forecasting; VAR model; factor model; principal component analysis;

    JEL classification:

    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation


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