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GDP as a Measurer of the Economic Growth – Methodological Specifics and Trends


  • Rossitsa Rangelova


The paper examines the discussion issues and trends in the development of the GDP indicator, set in National Account System (NAS), for the more adequate presenting of the actual economic growth. The characteristic of this indicator is outlines and its methodological specifics and limitations as a statistical category are analyzed. The results of the work of the Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress, headed by J. Stiglitz, are presented and commented. New moments in the introduced NAS’2008 are outlined. GDP is the first and most often used indicator in the international economic comparisons and the implementation of contemporary models of the economic growth. That is why at the end the paper presents the methodological specifics and challenges before it, when it is calculated on the basis of the parity of the purchase ability.

Suggested Citation

  • Rossitsa Rangelova, 2010. "GDP as a Measurer of the Economic Growth – Methodological Specifics and Trends," Economic Studies journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 4, pages 3-38.
  • Handle: RePEc:bas:econst:y:2010:i:4:p:3-38

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Rossitsa Rangelova, 2006. "Experience with Different Methodologies for National Income Accounting in Central and Eastern European Countries, 1950-1990," Economic Studies journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 3, pages 3-33.
    2. Fuess, Scott M, Jr & Van den Berg, Hendrik, 1996. "Does GNP Exaggerate Growth in "Actual" Output? The Case of the United States," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 42(1), pages 35-48, March.
    3. Heston, Alan & Summers, Robert, 1996. "International Price and Quantity Comparisons: Potentials and Pitfalls," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(2), pages 20-24, May.
    4. Heston, Alan, 1994. "A brief review of some problems in using national accounts data in level of output comparisons and growth studies," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(1), pages 29-52, June.
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    JEL classification:

    • C4 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics
    • C81 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Microeconomic Data; Data Access
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence


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