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Agricultural Cooperative Enterprise in the Transition from Socialist Collective Farming

  • Gardner, Bruce L.
  • Lerman, Zvi

Cooperative enterprise has appeal as a means of filling gaps in the economic institutions of the rural sectors of the transition economies of Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. But in addition to problems that have faced cooperatives in the West because of their inherent characteristics, the Soviet-era legacy created cultural burdens that cooperatives will have to overcome. A review of countries’ experiences since 1989 indicates some commonalities in attempts to create “new cooperatives,†but also instructive differences across countries. The evidence so far is unfavorable for cooperatives in agricultural production. In marketing and input supply the current situation is more promising. In both production and marketing, the economic institutions remain in flux. Unique approaches involving cooperatives may take permanent root, but their long-term prospects are in doubt.

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File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44674
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Article provided by Hebrew University, Center for Agricultural Economic Research in its journal Journal of Rural Cooperation.

Volume (Year): 34 (2006)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:ags:jlorco:44674
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  1. Curtiss, Jarmila & Medonos, Tomas & Ratinger, Tomas, 2005. "Ownership Form Effect on Large-Scale Farms' Performance: Case of Czech Agriculture," 94th Seminar, April 9-10, 2005, Ashford, UK 24435, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  2. Rizov, Marian, 2003. "Endogenous production organization during market liberalization: farm level evidence from Romania," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 171-187, June.
  3. Marian Rizov & Erik Mathijs, 2003. "Farm Survival and Growth in Transition Economies: Theory and Empirical Evidence from Hungary," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(2), pages 227-242.
  4. Ferto, Imre & Fogarasi, Jozsef, 2005. "The Choice of Farm Organisation. A Hungarian Case," 94th Seminar, April 9-10, 2005, Ashford, UK 24420, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  5. Lerman, Zvi & Csaki, Csaba & Feder, Gershon, 2002. "Land policies and evolving farm structures in transition countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2794, The World Bank.
  6. Margarita Grazhdaninova & Zvi Lerman, 2005. "Allocative and Technical Efficiency of Corporate Farms in Russia," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 47(1), pages 200-213, March.
  7. Allen, Douglas W & Lueck, Dean, 1998. "The Nature of the Farm," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 41(2), pages 343-86, October.
  8. Kim, Hanho & Lee, Sangjun & An, Donghwan, 2005. "The Dynamics of Productivity Changes in Agricultural Sector of Transition Countries," 2005 Annual meeting, July 24-27, Providence, RI 19339, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  9. Grazhdaninova, Margarita & Lerman, Zvi, 2005. "Allocative and Technical Efficiency of Corporate Farms in Russia," 2005 International Congress, August 23-27, 2005, Copenhagen, Denmark 24756, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
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