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Agricultural Cooperative Enterprise In The Transition From Socialist Collective Farming

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  • Gardner, Bruce L.
  • Lerman, Zvi

Abstract

Cooperative enterprise has appeal as a means of filling gaps in the economic institutions of the rural sectors of the transition economies of Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. But in addition to problems that have faced cooperatives in the West because of their inherent characteristics, the Soviet-era legacy created cultural burdens that cooperatives will have to overcome. A review of countries’ experiences since 1989 indicates some commonalities in attempts to create “new cooperatives,” but also instructive differences across countries. The evidence so far is unfavorable for cooperatives in agricultural production. In marketing and input supply the current situation is more promising. In both production and marketing, the economic institutions remain in flux. Unique approaches involving cooperatives may take permanent root, but their long-term prospects are in doubt.

Suggested Citation

  • Gardner, Bruce L. & Lerman, Zvi, 2006. "Agricultural Cooperative Enterprise In The Transition From Socialist Collective Farming," Discussion Papers 7174, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Department of Agricultural Economics and Management.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:huaedp:7174
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    Cited by:

    1. Johannes Sauer & Matthew Gorton & John White, 2012. "Marketing, cooperatives and price heterogeneity: evidence from the CIS dairy sector," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 43(2), pages 165-177, March.
    2. Nowak, Piotr & GORLACH, KRZYSZTOF, 0. "Rolnicy I Spółdzielczość W Polsce: Stary Czy Nowy Ruch Społeczny?," Village and Agriculture (WieÅ› i Rolnictwo), Polish Academy of Sciences (IRWiR PAN), Institute of Rural and Agricultural Development, issue 1.1.
    3. Hanson, James C. & Matavulj, Miodrag & Manzuk, Gregory & Richardson, John G., 2007. "Agricultural Cooperatives and Unions of Cooperatives in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Opportunities for Improvement," Working Papers 7344, University of Maryland, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics.
    4. Caroline Gijselinck & Matthias Bussels, 2014. "Farmers' Cooperatives in Europe: Social and Historical Determinants of Cooperative Membership in Agriculture," Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 85(4), pages 509-530, December.
    5. Valentinov, Vladislav & Fritzsch, Jana, 2007. "Are Cooperatives Hybrid Organizations? An Alternative Viewpoint," Journal of Rural Cooperation, Hebrew University, Center for Agricultural Economic Research, vol. 35(2).
    6. Pavliashvili, Johanna, 2009. "Servicekooperativen: Ein Modell für die georgische Landwirtschaft?
      [Service cooperatives – A model for the Georgian agriculture?]
      ," IAMO Discussion Papers 125, Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO).
    7. Jan Falkowski & Pavel Ciaian, 2016. "Factors Supporting the Development of Producer Organizations and their Impacts in the Light of Ongoing Changes in Food Supply Chains: A Literature Review," JRC Working Papers JRC101617, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
    8. Hanson, James C. & Matavulj, Miodrag & Manzuk, Gregory & Richardson, John G., 2010. "Agricultural Cooperatives and Unions of Cooperatives in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Opportunities for Improvement in Providing Services and Educational Programs for Farmers," Journal of Rural Cooperation, Hebrew University, Center for Agricultural Economic Research, vol. 38(1).

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