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The Effects of Workforce Creativity on Earnings in U.S. Counties

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  • Gabe, Todd M.
  • Colby, Kristen
  • Bell, Kathleen P.

Abstract

This paper examines the effects of local workforce creativity on county-level earnings. Descriptive analysis of the data shows that most of the high-creativity counties in the United States are part of metropolitan areas, and that employee earnings are high in these places. Regression results indicate that, other things being equal, workforce creativity enhances county-level labor earnings. However, the returns to creativity that we found can be confirmed only in the urban context. An extension of the analysis suggests that the creative workforce wage premium may be capturing the effects of "technical workforce creativity" on earnings.

Suggested Citation

  • Gabe, Todd M. & Colby, Kristen & Bell, Kathleen P., 2007. "The Effects of Workforce Creativity on Earnings in U.S. Counties," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, vol. 36(1), April.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:arerjl:10167
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Wojan, Timothy R. & Lambert, Dayton M. & McGranahan, David A., 2007. "The Emergence of Rural Artistic Havens: A First Look," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, vol. 36(1), April.
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    3. Steven C. Deller & Tsung-Hsiu (Sue) Tsai & David W. Marcouiller & Donald B.K. English, 2001. "The Role of Amenities and Quality of Life In Rural Economic Growth," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 83(2), pages 352-365.
    4. Roback, Jennifer, 1982. "Wages, Rents, and the Quality of Life," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(6), pages 1257-1278, December.
    5. Filer, Randall K, 1986. "The "Starving Artist"-Myth or Reality? Earnings of Artists in the United States," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(1), pages 56-75, February.
    6. McGranahan, David A., 1999. "Natural Amenities Drive Rural Population Change," Agricultural Economics Reports 33955, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    7. Glaeser, Edward L & Mare, David C, 2001. "Cities and Skills," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 19(2), pages 316-342, April.
    8. James Heilbrun, 1996. "Growth, accessibility and the distribution of arts activity in the United States: 1980 to 1990," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer;The Association for Cultural Economics International, vol. 20(4), pages 283-296, December.
    9. Jamie Peck, 2005. "Struggling with the Creative Class," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(4), pages 740-770, December.
    10. Segal, David, 1976. "Are There Returns to Scale in City Size?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 58(3), pages 339-350, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Todd M. Gabe, 2011. "The Value of Creativity," Chapters,in: Handbook of Creative Cities, chapter 7 Edward Elgar Publishing.

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