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Impacts of monetary and macroeconomic factors on food prices in West Africa

  • Kargbo, J.M.
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    After almost two decades of implementing structural and macroeconomic adjustment programmes, some West African countries continue to experience declining trends in per capita domestic food production, rising food imports and volatile food prices. Real food prices increased up to 7 percent per year during the 1980-1998 period. A vector error correction model was used in investigating the impacts of monetary and macroeconomic factors on food prices during the 1960-1998 period. Food price shocks have significant impacts on domestic food production, and are a major source of macroeconomic instability in West Africa. Trade, exchange rate and monetary policy reforms have significant impacts on food prices and domestic agricultural production. These policies influence consumption patterns, and have serious implications for poverty reduction, food security issues and agricultural growth in Africa.

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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31697
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    Article provided by Agricultural Economics Association of South Africa (AEASA) in its journal Agrekon.

    Volume (Year): 44 (2005)
    Issue (Month): 2 (June)
    Pages:

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    Handle: RePEc:ags:agreko:31697
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.aeasa.org.za/
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    1. Kargbo, Joseph M., 2003. "Cointegration Tests of Purchasing Power Parity in Africa," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 31(10), pages 1673-1685, October.
    2. Joseph Kargbo, 2000. "Impacts of monetary and macroeconomic factors on food prices in eastern and southern Africa," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(11), pages 1373-1389.
    3. Van Duyne, Carl, 1979. "The macroeconomic effects of commodity market disruptions in open economies," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 559-582, November.
    4. Chambers, Robert G. & Just, Richard E., 1982. "An investigation of the effect of monetary factors on agriculture," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 235-247.
    5. Dorward, Andrew & Kydd, Jonathan & Morrison, Jamie & Urey, Ian, 2004. "A Policy Agenda for Pro-Poor Agricultural Growth," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 73-89, January.
    6. Davidson, Russell & MacKinnon, James G., 1993. "Estimation and Inference in Econometrics," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195060119.
    7. Sims, Christopher A, 1980. "Macroeconomics and Reality," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(1), pages 1-48, January.
    8. Dale E. Hathaway, 1974. "Food Prices and Inflation," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 5(1), pages 63-116.
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