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Agriculture and the Transition to the Market


  • Karen Brooks


Agricultural sectors in Eastern and Central Europe are large, and a substantial number of people are directly affected by changes in producer prices, farm employment, and land ownership. Retail food markets are among the most distorted in the pre-transition economies, and the needed adjustments are correspondingly large. The decollectivization of agriculture and return of land to former owners are among the most dramatic and emotive elements of the economic transition. The agricultural transition requires substantial adjustments on the demand and on the supply sides of the food economy. Decollectivization and distribution of property rights in land is an important component of the supply adjustment, and merits careful attention. The essence of the agricultural transition, however, is the withdrawal of the state from its traditional role as residual claimant of (positive and negative) rents to the use of agricultural resources. That role will pass in stages to owners of land, where it ordinarily resides in a market economy. In this paper we place the agricultural transition in its larger context, and treat the distribution of land more briefly.

Suggested Citation

  • Karen Brooks, 1991. "Agriculture and the Transition to the Market," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 5(4), pages 149-161, Fall.
  • Handle: RePEc:aea:jecper:v:5:y:1991:i:4:p:149-61
    Note: DOI: 10.1257/jep.5.4.149

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Avishay Braverman & J. Luis Guasch, 1990. "Agricultural Reform in Developing Countries: Reflections for Eastern Europe," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 72(5), pages 1243-1251.
    2. John Vickers & George Yarrow, 1991. "Economic Perspectives on Privatization," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 5(2), pages 111-132, Spring.
    3. Braverman, Avishay*Guasch, J. Luis, 1990. "Agricultural reform in developing countries : reflections for Eastern Europe," Policy Research Working Paper Series 538, The World Bank.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bayarsaihan, T. & Coelli, T. J., 2003. "Productivity growth in pre-1990 Mongolian agriculture: spiralling disaster or emerging success?," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 28(2), pages 121-137, March.
    2. Andersson, H., 1995. "Landlords and farmers: implications of disparities in bargaining power for tenancy in agriculture," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 12(2), pages 151-162, August.
    3. Csaki, Csaba, 1995. "Where is Agriculture Heading in Central and Eastern Europe? Emerging Markets and the New Role for the Government," 1994 Conference, August 22-29, 1994, Harare, Zimbabwe 183373, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    4. Pasquale Lucio Scandizzo, 2002. "A General Equilibrium Analysis of Ownership, Property Rights and Control in a Transition Economy," Working Papers 02-01, Agricultural and Development Economics Division of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO - ESA).
    5. Andersson, Hans, 1995. "Landlords and farmers: implications of disparities in bargaining power for tenancy in agriculture," Agricultural Economics of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 12(2), August.
    6. Rozelle, Scott & Swinnen, Johan F.M., 2000. "Transition And Agriculture," Working Papers 11948, University of California, Davis, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics.
    7. Fertő, Imre, 1997. "Elszalasztott lehetőség és/vagy elhalasztott paradigmaváltás?. A magyar agrárgazdaságtan a kilencvenes években
      [A missed opportunity and/or a delayed change of paradigm?. The Hungarian agrarian eco
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(4), pages 296-310.
    8. Green, David Jay & Bauer, Armin, 1998. "The costs of transition in Central Asia," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 345-364.
    9. Falkowski, Jan, 2014. "The economic effects of radical reorganisation of the agro-food supply chain: some evidence from Poland," 2014 International Congress, August 26-29, 2014, Ljubljana, Slovenia 182713, European Association of Agricultural Economists.

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    JEL classification:

    • P21 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Planning, Coordination, and Reform


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