IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

The Dollar, Bank Leverage, and Deviations from Covered Interest Parity


  • Stefan Avdjiev
  • Wenxin Du
  • Cathérine Koch
  • Hyun Song Shin


We document a triangular relationship in that a stronger dollar goes hand in hand with larger deviations from covered interest parity (CIP) and contractions of cross-border bank lending in dollars. We argue that underpinning the triangle is the role of the dollar as a key barometer of risk-taking capacity in global capital markets.

Suggested Citation

  • Stefan Avdjiev & Wenxin Du & Cathérine Koch & Hyun Song Shin, 2019. "The Dollar, Bank Leverage, and Deviations from Covered Interest Parity," American Economic Review: Insights, American Economic Association, vol. 1(2), pages 193-208, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:aea:aerins:v:1:y:2019:i:2:p:193-208
    Note: DOI: 10.1257/aeri.20180322

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to AEA members and institutional subscribers.

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Tomoyuki Iida & Takeshi Kimura & Nao Sudo, 2016. "Regulatory Reforms and the Dollar Funding of Global Banks: Evidence from the Impact of Monetary Policy Divergence," Bank of Japan Working Paper Series 16-E-14, Bank of Japan.
    2. Liao, Gordon Y., 2020. "Credit migration and covered interest rate parity," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 138(2), pages 504-525.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Eugenio M. Cerutti & Maurice Obstfeld & Haonan Zhou, 2020. "Covered Interest Parity Deviations: Macrofinancial Determinants," NBER Chapters, in: NBER International Seminar on Macroeconomics 2020, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Takahiro Hattori, 2017. "Does swap-covered interest parity hold in long-term capital markets after the financial crisis?," Discussion papers ron293, Policy Research Institute, Ministry of Finance Japan.
    3. Malamud, Semyon & Schrimpf, Andreas, 2018. "An Intermediation-Based Model of Exchange Rates," CEPR Discussion Papers 13182, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Dagfinn Rime & Andreas Schrimpf & Olav Syrstad, 2017. "Segmented money markets and covered interest parity arbitrage," Working Paper 2017/15, Norges Bank.
    5. Denis Gromb & Dimitri Vayanos, 2018. "The Dynamics of Financially Constrained Arbitrage," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 73(4), pages 1713-1750, August.
    6. Ibhagui, Oyakhilome, 2020. "Inflation Differential as a Driver of Cross-currency Basis Swap Spreads," MPRA Paper 100948, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Ricardo Correa & Wenxin Du & Gordon Y. Liao, 2020. "U.S. Banks and Global Liquidity," NBER Working Papers 27491, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Chatziantoniou, Ioannis & Gabauer, David & Stenfors, Alexis, 2020. "From CIP-deviations to a market for risk premia: A dynamic investigation of cross-currency basis swaps," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 69(C).
    9. Zhengyang Jiang & Arvind Krishnamurthy & Hanno Lustig, 2020. "Dollar Safety and the Global Financial Cycle," NBER Working Papers 27682, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Wenxin Du & Joanne Im & Jesse Schreger, 2017. "The U.S. Treasury Premium," NBER Chapters, in: NBER International Seminar on Macroeconomics 2017, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. Alexis Stenfors, 2019. "The Covered Interest Parity Puzzle and the Evolution of the Japan Premium," Journal of Economic Issues, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 53(2), pages 417-424, April.
    12. Robin Greenwood & Annette Vissing-Jorgensen, 2018. "The Impact of Pensions and Insurance on Global Yield Curves," Harvard Business School Working Papers 18-109, Harvard Business School, revised Dec 2018.
    13. Ibhagui, Oyakhilome, 2020. "Covered interest parity deviations in standard monetary models," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 111(C).
    14. Du, Wenxin & Im, Joanne & Schreger, Jesse, 2018. "The U.S. Treasury Premium," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 112(C), pages 167-181.
    15. Gee Hee Hong & Anne Oeking & Kenneth H Kang & Changyong Rhee, 2019. "What Do Deviations from Covered Interest Parity and Higher FX Hedging Costs Mean for Asia," IMF Working Papers 2019/169, International Monetary Fund.
    16. Gordon Y. Liao & Tony Zhang, 2020. "The Hedging Channel of Exchange Rate Determination," International Finance Discussion Papers 1283, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    17. Hernández, Juan R., 2020. "Covered Interest Parity: A Stochastic Volatility Approach to Estimate the Neutral Band," MPRA Paper 100744, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    18. Augustin, Patrick & Chernov, Mikhail & Schmid, Lukas & Song, Dongo, 2020. "The term structure of CIP violations," CEPR Discussion Papers 14774, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    19. William A. Allen & Gabriele Galati & Richhild Moessner & William Nelson, 2017. "Central bank swap lines and CIP deviations," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 22(4), pages 394-402, October.
    20. Cenedese, Gino & Della Corte, Pasquale & Wang, Tianyu, 2019. "Currency mispricing and dealer balance sheets," Bank of England working papers 779, Bank of England.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:aea:aerins:v:1:y:2019:i:2:p:193-208. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Michael P. Albert). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.